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CNAA / Theses / 2021 / May /

Monasteries and monastic life in Bessarabia (1813-1918)

Author: Șalari Marin
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific adviser: Victor Ţvircun
doctor habilitat, professor
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 14 May, 2021
Approved by NCAA on the 30 July, 2021


Adobe PDF document0.51 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.45 Mb / in english


CZU 271.22(478)+94(478)1813/1918(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 1.17 Mb / in romanian
168 pages


monastery, monasticism, Bessarabia, religion, spiritual life, Church


ADNOTATION Șalari Marin, "Monasteries and monastic life in Bessarabia (1813-1918)", dissertation for the candidate in the PhD degree in history, Chișinău, 2021. The structure of the dissertation: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography consisting of 250 titles, 140 pages of the main text, applications. The findings were published in 12 scientific articles. Keywords: monastery, monasticism, Bessarabia, religion, spiritual life, Church. The purpose of the work: a comprehensive study from the historical point of view of the economic, social and cultural development of monasteries and monastic life in Bessarabia in the late 19th - early 20th centuries. The tasks of the study are: presenting the themes of the Bessarabian monasteries of the tsarist period in the context of historical research; defining the regulations of the Russian Orthodox Church in organization of the monastic life in 1813-1918; analyzing the models of internal monastic life, which were used by the hierarchs of the archdiocese, and then the Chișinău and Hotin archbishops; the assessment of the role of the monastery and monasticism in the political, social and spiritual development of Bessarabia. Scientific novelty and originality: this study is necessary because it is a comprehensive analysis of thedevelopment of the monastic life in Bessarabia during the tsarist period. The scientific results obtained are: the identification and characterization of the features of the inner life of monasteries and monastic brotherhood during the period when Bessarabia was part of the Russian Empire. They reflect the inclusion of the monastic system of the Prut-Dniester interfluve region within the spiritual system of the Russian Orthodox Church. Theoretical significance: The work will be useful to researchers in the history of the spiritual life of Bessarabia. Practical significance: The thesis can be useful to specialists in the field of interdisciplinary research, offering the possibility of conducting research related to various aspects of the religious life of the Prut-Dniester interfluve region in the late 19th - early 20thcenturies. Also, the research results can serve as a reference source for the bachelor's, master's and doctoral dissertations, also used in university courses. Implementation of the results: various aspects of the problem in question have been presented at national and international conferences, published in 12scientific articles. The obtained scientific results can be used in various educational programs of educational institutions, as well as in research on religious life.