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Comparative approaches regarding the development of regional statistics (based on data from Bacau county, Romania and Centre region, the Republic of Moldova)


Author: Ciomârtan Vasilica-Lăcrămioara
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.11 - Economic Statistics
Year:2021
Scientific adviser: Ion Pârţachi
doctor, professor, Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova
Institution: Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova

Status

The thesis was presented on the 16 July, 2021 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document1.28 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.32 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 311.313(498.3+478)(043)

Adobe PDF document 16.00 Mb / in romanian
618 pages


Keywords

statistics, data sources, official statistics, statistical regions, regional development, statistical indicators, online dissemination, dissemination levels, correspondence analysis

Summary

Ciomârtan Vasilica-Lăcrămioara: „ Comparative approaches regarding the development of regional statistics (based on data from Bacau county, Romania and Centre region, the Republic of Moldova)”, Phd thesis in Economics, Chi şinău, 2021 Thesis structure: introduction, four chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography made of 218 titles, 56 annexes, 156 pages of main text, 48 figures, 3 tables and 8 formulas. The obtained results have been published in 9 scientific papers. Keywords: statistics, data sources, official statistics, statistical regions, regional development, statistical indicators, online dissemination, dissemination levels, correspondence analysis.

Research field: Specialty ­ 523.02 Economic statistics. The aim of the research is: to make a comparative analysis of the development of regional statistics in terms of statistical indicators calculated and disseminated at the level of the 2 countries, indicators based on a similar methodology, while performing an analysis of existing correspondences between the names of statistical indicators calculated and disseminated online and the most detailed administrative­territorial levels of their availability. 

Research objectives: presentation of the conceptual aspects regarding the notion of region, regional development, typology of regions and presentation of the existing statistical regions in Romania and the Republic of Moldova; identification and systematization of data sources ­ starting point in any statistical analysis; statistical analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators that characterize the territorial development of Bacau County compared to the Central Region (comparative approaches on indicators specific to social statistics: population and demographic phenomena, labor force, education system, cultural activity); comparison of the content and coverage area of the statistical indicators disseminated online by the official statistics from Romania and the Republic of Moldova, considering their temporal availability; performing the analysis of the existing correspondences between the categories Romania and the Republic of Moldova, respectively the most detailed levels of dissemination of statistical data in these countries and the names of statistical indicators provided online in the official statistics databases of the two states, with the dimensions (variables) taken into consideration, analysis performed using the statistical programming language R.

The scientific novelty and originality: elaboration of comparative tables, for all economic and social fields, regarding the content and coverage of statistical indicators disseminated online by official statistics from Romania and the Republic of Moldova, considering the methodological aspects and their temporal availability; realization, with the statistical programming language R, the analysis of the existing correspondences between the most detailed levels of dissemination of statistical data in Romania and the Republic of Moldova and the names of statistical indicators provided online in the official statistical databases of the two states, with the dimensions (variables) pursued, for all economic and social fields; highlighting the extremely low number of comparative analyzes, in dynamics and structure, that could be performed between Bacau County of Romania and the Central Region of the Republic of Moldova, due to the lack of statistical data, the existence of different methodologies, the dissemination of indicators different statistics calculated on the same fields but which do not help to make comparisons or determine derived indicators, their limited availability, their variability. 

 The results that address important scientific issues’ settlement consists in the elaboration of comparative tables for the presentation of the statistical indicators disseminated by the Romanian NIS and the NBS of the Republic of Moldova, depending on the methodological aspect and the level of availability, which later led to the easy application of a model for analyzing existing correspondences between the names of statistical indicators and their dissemination levels, the achievement of confidence ellipses for dissemination levels and for the names of variables associated with statistical indicators, thus leading only to establishing the image of the availability of statistical indicators in each economic and social field in order to carry out statistical research, but also of the directions that the official forums of the 2 states can currently undertake information about their calculations and dissemination. Theoretical significance and practical value: result from the conclusions and recommendations related to the studied theme, which will contribute to the improvement of the statistical system of calculated and disseminated indicators. 

Implementation of scientific results: The results of this research are recognized by a number of 3 implementation certificates, both in the teaching and research approach of the Faculty of Economic Sciences at the University "Vasile Alecsandri" Bacau, and in the practical dissemination activity within of Statistical County Directorate Bacau and the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova.