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Reconfiguration of the energy system (energy flows) in the Black Sea - Baltic Sea area and its consequences on the Republic of Moldova. Political-legal aspects

Author: Robu-Cepoi Alexandrina
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.10 - International Public Law
Scientific consultant: Vitalie Gamurari
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Institution: University of European Studies of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 16 December, 2021
Approved by NCAA on the 28 April, 2022


Adobe PDF document0.75 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.52 Mb / in english


CZU 34:620.9(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 2.73 Mb / in romanian
193 pages


energy security, Third Energy Package, principles of energy law, energy market, regional cooperation, geopolitics, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Romania, European Union, Russian Federation, energy independence, acquis communautaire, energy law


Doctoral thesis in law in specialty 552.08 - public international and European law. Doctoral School of Legal Sciences of the University of European Studies of Moldova. Chisinau, 2021.

Thesis structure: Introduction, 4 chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 310 titles, 167 pages basic text. The fundamental ideas and scientific results are exposed and published in six scientific papers.

The domain of study of this thesis is related to the field of public international and European law, energy law as well as political science and international relations.

The purpose and objectives of the thesis: the purpose of this doctoral thesis is to conduct a comprehensive research on national energy security, identifying gaps and imperfections in the energy legislation and diplomacy of the Republic of Moldova, assessment of the degree of regional energy cooperation, the development of effective measures for improvement of the legal and practical framework in the field of research that will lead to increasing the energy security of the Republic of Moldova. In order to achieve the purpose of the thesis, the author proposed the following objectives: defining the national energy security, identification of the principles and sources of energy law; a deep analysis of the energy sectors of the European Union and the Russian Federation and identification of the mechanisms of cooperation of these major regional actors with their neighbouring countries; identifying the characteristics of the reconfiguration of the energy system and energy security of the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine from the perspective of the evolution of integration processes; studying the degree of harmonization of national legislation with the acquis communautaire. Implementation of the Energy Package III and of the energy compartment of the Association Agreement; reasoned proposal of legislative remedies that will contribute to the improvement of national energy legislation.

Scientific novelty and originality of the obtained results are materialized in: 1. Carrying out a comparative analysis of the degree of connection of national energy legislation to the acquis communautaire of the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine and highlighting the lessons learned by Romania on its pathway to the European energy integration; 2. Studying the degree of readiness of the energy system of the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine to integrate on the European energy market. This degree of readiness was analyzed from the legal point of view, namely the adoption and implementation of the energy acquis, as well as from the point of view of the technical conditions, namely the degree of readiness of the national networks to connect with the European ones as well as the energy interconnection points with the EU; 3. Analysis of the big regional subjects that may cause changes in zonal energy flows, thus directly affecting the level of energy security of the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Romania and the Baltic States; 4. Defining the notion of energy security, identifying the sources and principles specific to the energy law.

The theoretical importance: consists in completing the theoretical basis of the object of study through theses, conclusions and recommendations on the legal energy framework, developing strategies to increase the energy security of the Republic of Moldova, systematizing national and international scientific approaches to the notion of energy security and concretizing and analysing the functioning of energy markets as well as arguing the need of using the energy triangle in assessing the level of energy security.

Implementation of scientific results: This thesis can be used as a scientific-didactic material in the higher education institutions, can serve as a reference paper for other researchers in the field of energy security and can be used as a source of information for the public authorities responsible for adoption and the implementation of public policies in this field.