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Legal protection of ecosystems at international and national level: contemporary trends

Author: Mărgineanu Elena
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.10 - International Public Law
Scientific adviser: Vitalie Gamurari
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Institution: Free International University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 28 March, 2022
Approved by NCAA on the 1 July, 2022


Adobe PDF document0.49 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.41 Mb / in english


CZU 349.6:341(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 13.67 Mb / in romanian
249 pages


natural ecosystem, public international law, international environmental law, environmental impact assessment, ecosystem dynamics, environmental policies


Thesis structure: Introduction, four chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 324 titles, 12 annexes, 160 pages of basic text. The obtained results are published in 8 scientific papers.

Field of study: 552.08 – Public International and European Law.

The purpose of the paper. The paper analyzes the interconnectivity of elements in the ecosystem and the legal protection of the environment, with the aim of developing recommendations on improving the regulatory framework for activity aimed at changing the environment, improving the strategic framework for anchoring national environmental policies, and proposing practical solutions of scientific innovations in the field of protection of natural ecosystems.

The objectives of the paper. The proposed objectives are the analysis of the correspondence of research levels with those of normative regulation, identification of interdisciplinary links between international environmental law, other branches of law, and the compatibility of environmental protection norms by separate components and their analysis through an integrated ecosystem.

The novelty and originality of the theme. The novelty derives from the interdisciplinary nature of the analysis and the proposed practical recommendations that are not found as an object of research in the national literature. The originality of the research consists in combining the metaheuristic and the transdisciplinary method by separate elements of natural resources and their constant connection to the object of research - the legal regulation of the natural ecosystem.

The results obtained that contribute to solving the scientific problem. The results obtained outlined the interdisciplinary complexity of natural ecosystem management in terms of legal norms at international and national level. Thus, the issue of the legal framework of ecosystem protection, in subsequent research, will be addressed simultaneously intradisciplinary and by overlapping application levels.

Theoretical significance. The current research, by exposing the identification of interdisciplinary links and systemic phenomena with origin prior to the elaboration of the current normative framework, requires a strategic re-evaluation of the environmental protection recommendations through the prism of national security.

The applicative value of the paper. The adoption of the normative recommendations proposed in the final section of the research, and especially, their implementation in practice, can have a positive impact of rebalancing the natural ecosystems in the agricultural processed sectors of the Republic of Moldova.

Implementation of scientific results. The scientific results were published in the Journals from Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, as well as presented at the "Closed Cycles" conference in Switzerland with subsequent publication in Circular Economy and Sustainability Journal, and the ecological recovery solutions identified during the current research gave rise to the largest permaculture project in the country - which is a precedent unique and necessary for the Republic of Moldova.