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Strategies for the increase of managerial efficiency in prisons

Author: Dumitru Nădrag
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.05 - Economy and Management (in branch)
Scientific adviser: Svetlana Gorobievschi
doctor habilitat, professor, Technical University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 6 April, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 20 September, 2007


Adobe PDF document0.42 Mb / in romanian


CZU 658.012.4:343.82(498) (043.2) =135.1 N.15

Adobe PDF document 1.50 Mb / in romanian
189 pages


management as a new factor; managerial elements; public services; management of penitentiaries; organizational mission; managerial objectives; managerial methods; managerial techniques; performance indicators; strategies for growth; strategies for diversification; reform; evolution; resocialization of convicts; efficiency; integrability ratio; to join the European Union


Among the unsolved and unstudied problems at the time when Romania joined the European Union, there was one which reffered to the management of prisons. By carrying out a methodological study, the author has defined the concept of management of prisons. The author underlines the idea that the management of a prison / penitentiary has certain characteristics due to the fact that it influences two distinct categories of people: hired staff / personnel and the convicts who serve their sentence.

An efficient management of prisons, in the author’s opinion, must harmonize the objectives of these two categories of people on which it has an impact. Starting from this concept, the author is doing a research which aims at increasing the efficiency of management of the penitentiary system by elaborating managerial strategies that allow its connection to the requirements of the European standards. The author, by using managerial techniques, performs the systemic analysis of the Romanian penitentiaries and states their place in the world hierarchy. Through the Management oriented to objectives and using the concept of strategic management, the author has conceived the strategies for the increase of efficiency of activities in penitentiaries by performing services with special destination. The author explains the indicators used for the assessment of performance in penitentiaries, proposing certain ways of calculation.

As in the field of public services it is not possible to evaluate efficiency through the rate between effect and costs and the final objectives of penitentiaries are oriented towards the resocialization of ex-convicts, the author proposes the next indicators of assessment of efficiency of the management of penitentiaries: the rate of integrability into society of the ex-convicts, escapes and repetition of the offence.

The author has elaborated the economico-mathematical model for the increase of the efficiency of public expenditure for the reintegration into society, rehabilitation and resocialization of convicts. In conclusion, the author mentions that it is not sufficient to measure efficiency only through certain economic ratios taken separately, without taking into account the effect that such approaches might have on convicts and the penitentiary personnel. Global and sectorial strategies must be elaborated and accompanied by complex, functional governmental policies in the judicial, educational, economic, welfare fields, i.e. allowing a mutual collaboration in increasing the efficiency of management in penitentiaries.

The proposals made by the author will assist in the applying into practice of the activities meant to assist convicts to go back to social norms and the elaboration of strategies to develop the Romanian penitentiary system under the circumstances of current reform. It is necessary to adopt a model of efficient functioning of penitentiaries based on two distinct components which are interwoven at the managerial level: prison as an establishment of social utility and economic establishment which offers products and services to its clients on contractual terms.