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Theory and Practice of the Welfare State: History and Contemporaneity

Author: Alexandru Roşca
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Zavtur
doctor habilitat, professor
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 5 April, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 14 June, 2007


Adobe PDF document1.35 Mb / in romanian


CZU 321.6/.8

Adobe PDF document 1.53 Mb / in romanian
162 pages


welfare state, social state, social assistance, social policy, social ensurance, social protection, european social model, welfare, employment, labour market, migration, poverty, social exclusion


This dissertation's objective is to provide a complex and thorough analysis of the evolution of both theory and practice of the welfare state (which is also referred to in this work as "social state"), from its beginnings in the '80s of the XIX century to current situation. Given the european aspirations of the Republic of Moldova, a particular emphasis is put on the premises, conditions, challenges and prospects of building of a welfare/social state in the country.

The first chapter, "Considerations regarding conceptualization, institutionalization and functioning of the welfare state" tries to get an as-solid-as-possible theoretical base beneath the future investigation. Naturally, it first of all deals with the definition of the main therms such as "welfare state" and "social policy". It also analyses the main historical and political conditions that called into life the welfare state as well as the chronological and structural evolution of it.

The second chapter, "A presentation of the main contemporary welfare-state models" describes the concrete patterns of functioning of the welfare-state, the so-called welfare-regimes, which are the social-democratic regime, conservative and the liberal regimes. It also geographically localizez each of the above-mentioned regimes. This chapter is intended to be a challenge for the next, third chapter – "European Social Model – the vector of the european social policies", since it is sometimes claimed that there is no such thing as a common "model" of the european welfare policies.

That is why the mission of the third chapter it is to investigate, not least from the official EU documents and programs, whether one can speak of a single european social model. Once we identify an official european staindpoint claiming the existence of that model, we try to reveal which are the organizations that are responsible for its functioning – such as European Social Fund and the European Court of Justice.

Finally, the fourth chapter, "Premises and prospects of the welfare state in Republic of Moldova" deals mainly with the reality and prospects of Moldova regarded as a welfare state. Its main conclusion is that ufortunately, Moldova is far from what a welfare state typically is. However, in recent years the country has undergone some positive changes, which leave some ground for an optimistic vision.