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CNAA / Theses / 2007 / June /

Articulatory Peculiarities and Acoustic Parameters of Roumanian and English Affricates (Linguistic Interpretation of Experimental Materials

Author: Alexei Chirdeachin
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.19 - General Linguistics (with specification: Sociolinguistics, Psychological, Structural, Contrastive Typological, Mathematical, Computational Linguistics)
Scientific adviser: Nicanor Babără
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 27 June, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 20 September, 2007


Adobe PDF document0.39 Mb / in romanian


CZU 811.135.1’34+811.111’34

Adobe PDF document 5.87 Mb / in romanian
240 pages


(Absolute) length, acoustic parameter, affricate, alveolar, articulatory, bucal resonator, bucal cavity, comparative-contrastive analysis, consonantic diphthong, consonantism, direction, dynamics of length, dynamics of occurrence, formant, frecvency, fricative, general range, grapheme, intensity, maximum extremity, minimum extremity, occlusive, occlusive-constrictive, occurrence, orthography, palato-alveolar, phonetics, phonetical nature, phonemic status, phoneme, phonetic drill, pitch, prepalatal, range of occurrence, range of parameters, relative length, semifricative, semiocclusive, sound, speaker, spectre, speech chain, speech organs, structural rapport, tongue, top incisor, typical mistake, value, vocalism, voicedness.


The present dissertation is dedicated to the comparative-contrastive analysis of Roumanian and English affricates from the general, articulatory, acoustic, statistical and didactical points of view. Comparative-contrastive, statistical, mathematical, instructive process observation and conversational methods were used in the investigation. The thesis includes an introduction, four chapters, conclusions, abbreviations, key-words and an appendix. The importance, role and place of Phonetics in the language aspects system; the opinions of well-known scientists and researchers concerning the phonetic nature, phonematic status of affricates and their number in this or that language, as well as some aspects of the historical development of affricates in Roumanian and English are touched upon. The articulatory study of the affricates /ʧ, ʤ/ in Roumanian and English and the Roumanian affricate /ts/ are presented. There follows the acoustic analysis of the affricates /ʧ, ʤ/ in both languages and the affricate /ts/ in Roumanian. The ways of rendering the affricates in writing and their occurrence in Roumanian and English, the statistical analysis of typical mistakes committed by Roumanian-speaking students while learning the pronunciation of English affricates, suggestions concerning their effective teaching and a system of exercises based on these suggestions are presented, too. Theoretico-linguistic and methodico-didactical conclusions, followed by selective bibliography and the appendix including tables, photo-pictures, oscillogrammes and spectrogrammes obtained by us as a result of the performed experiments are given.