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Efficiency of production factors utilization in the agricultural enterprises of the Central region of Republic of Moldova

Author: Tcaci Alexandru
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.05 - Economy and Management (in branch)
Scientific adviser: Petru Ţurcanu
doctor habilitat, professor, Agrarian State University of Moldova
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 9 November, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 20 December, 2007


Adobe PDF document0.45 Mb / in romanian


CZU 338.43(478)(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 1.04 Mb / in romanian
165 pages


production factors, economical potential, resources, land fund, labour, production means, economical efficiency, capital-output ratio, labour productivity, consumption, economical activity, sales income, income, return on investment, rotation period, regression ecuation, optimal rate , results, profitability, forecasting, normatives


Doctor’s thesis is dedicated to theoretical and practical researches of the production factors utilization in the agricultural enterprises.

Basing on the scientific papers investigations of economical scientists, author comes true notion “production factors”, sets forth personal point of view concerning with factors classification in the firm’s activity. In systematic manner was investigated methodological aspects regarding to economical efficiency estimation of the production factors use. Author has proposed structural model of the indictor system moulding for economical efficiency analysis of production factors in agriculture.

Basing on the date of 281 agricultural enterprises from the Central region has been specified method of calculation of economical efficiency indicators regarding to production factors in agriculture.

In the result of the efficiency utilization analysis of production factors it comes out decrease trend in dynamics, which is being explained through the devaluation of agricultural production. Investigations performed show investments allocation necessity of the fixed means up by 2,6 times, labour and material consumption by 73,8 and 46,6%.

An important role in the thesis is occupied by seeking of the activity efficiency of agricultural enterprises. Author has determined quota of participation of factors at the agricultural ground yield’s rate formation and has proved the best ratios force machines and labour machines, which were estimated about 1:2,24 – 1:2,63. basing on the calculations performed author has proved the best dimensions of agricultural ground per agricultural enterprise in connection with consolidation degree of the land fund.

Using economical and mathematical methods author has elaborated replacing normatives of production factors and yield’s rate forecast and labour productivity. Production factors utilization effects on economical and financial results of agricultural results has been determined.