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Social evolutions in the Bessarabian village after the agrarian reform (1868-1905)

Author: Scutelnic Valeriu
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific adviser: Ion Varta
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 21 December, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 17 April, 2008


Adobe PDF document0.40 Mb / in romanian


CZU 94(=135.1)(043.2

Adobe PDF document 1.14 Mb / in romanian
142 pages


Appropriation of land act, rent, the nobility´s bank, the peasant bank, Bessarabia, social categories, Cossack, colonist, tithe, emigration, the Russian Empire, immigration, taxes, appropriation, the judge of peace, agrarian law, lob of appropriation, deposed ruler, noble, community, odnodvoretz, land, colonial policy, land property, ransom, freeholder, agrarian reform, Regulation, Romania, tax-payer, village, fathom, state peasant, sale-purchase


The doctor thesis in historical sciences “Social evolutions in the Bessarabian village after the agrarian reform (1868-1905)” is dedicated to the scientific studies of some important problems, of the Bessarabian history of the last third of the XIX century – the beginning of the XX. The author tried to reconstitute the image of the provinces village annexed in 1812 by the Russian Empire, elucidating the processes and transformations occurred in the rural milieu of Bessarabia after the implementation of the agrarian reform in the years ´60-70s of the XIX century.

The work contains interesting information, displayed in a systematic and comparative, referring the agrarian reforms undertaken in Romania (1864) and Bessarabia (1868). The author emphasizes the importance of these cardinal events which marked the both banks of the Prut River.

A special chapter is devoted to social-economic processed which were carried in the Bessarabian village like: the sale-purchasing of the agricultural fields, the grounds lease, the peasant disorders of the pre and post-reform period, the emigrations of the rural population of the province to other regions of the Russian Empire. A special place is given to the evolution of the land property: of estate, monastery, merchahts, state, the accent is laid on the evolution of the peasant land property. The paper gives a historical retrospection and a characterization of the main social categories of the Bessarabian rural milieu pointing out the transformation which took place in 1868.

The main idea, displayed in the present doctor thesis is that in the period of the 1868-1905 years, in the Bessarabian village´s important evolutions took place. After the implementation of the agrarian reform all Bessarabian peasant apart from category, origin (Cossacks, odnodvoretz, state peasants, colonists, the peasants on the landowners or monastery´s domains) were equaled in rights and obligations, being included into a sing social category – these of the landowner peasants. In their milieu began an irreversible process of social difference. At the end of the XIX century in the Bessarabian village were distinguished three distinct categories of peasants: well-to-do peasants, peasants who owned land ant the rural poor