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Political Parties in Post-decembrist Romania: Realities and Challenges


Author: Enea Viorel
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2008
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Roşca
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute for Legal Research and Policy ASM
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 20 December, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 24 January, 2008

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.29 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 329(498)

Adobe PDF document 0.88 Mb / in romanian
146 pages


Keywords

political party, political system, party doctrine, party ideology, electoral system, proportional electoral system, political cleavage, anty-system party, party's relevance, opposition party, party alliance, party faction

Summary

This thesis' objective is to explore the evolution of Romanian party system since the Revolution of December 1989 up to the most recent tense events. An emphasis is put onto the "collaboration" – "concurrence" pattern of relations amongst the Romanian political parties. We shall see that unfortunately for Romanian democracy, the practice of confrontation still prevails over the commitment to reach a political consensus.

The first chapter, The Political Party in View of the Modern Political Science, tries to build a theoretical base for the investigation. It deals with the definition of the main concepts, such as "political party", "the political party system", "the electoral system" and so on. It analyses the functions, the types of political parties and political party systems, as well as the main contemporary party doctrines.

The second chapter, The Party System of Post-Decembrist Romania and its Main Parties, focuses, first of all, on the development and perpetual transformation of the Romanian party system. Indeed, it is demonstrated that the latter has changed, at least theoretically, four different types, two of which have been rather hard to define recurring to traditional typologies. Than there are studied the main actors of Romanian party system – the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the Democratic Party (PD), the National Liberal Party (PNL) and the Greater Romania Party (PRM). Analyzing each of them in a separate paragraph, we still focus on the party's manifestation in terms of doctrinal commitment and "collaboration"–"concurrence" pattern.

The final chapter, Achievements, Inconsistencies and Drawbacks of the Romanian Parties Governing, investigates the activity of the parties which managed to enter the parliament as a result of the two last elections, from 2000 and 2004 respectively. A special stress is put onto the analysis of the Alliance for Justice and Truth (A.D.A), which is the most brilliant example of how an initial collaboration between two Romanian parties immediately turns into an open conflict, once they manage to reach the governing apex.