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Hamletism and Quixotism in the European Context of the 19-20th Centuries


Author: Oprea Elena
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.06 - World and Comparative Literature
Year:2011
Scientific adviser: Rita (decedat) Kleiman
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Scientific council: D 30-10.01.06-27.03.08
Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 8 September, 2011
Approved by NCAA on the 22 December, 2011

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.24 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

hamletism, quixotism, hero trend, quixotic situation, hamletic state, literary code, mythologem, metatext

Summary

The structure of the dissertation is the following: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography including 337 titles, note and annotations, 2 appendixes, glossary, 125 pages of body text.

The research results are presented in 8 published works.

Area of research is the literature of the world. The perception of Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Cervantes’ Don Quixote are considered in terms of three aspects: symbol, modern myth, and literary code as well as on three major levels: translation, literary criticism and creative perception in the 19-20th centuries.

The main goal of the investigation is the perception of eternal heroes studied within the fundamental literary trends of the European culture space. The objectives are: to consider the establishment of hamletism and quixotism as aesthetic categories, trace the evolution of Russian and French hamletism as specific socio-cultural phenomena, as well as compare and contrast romantic, realistic, modernist and postmodernist interpretations of the characters.

The scientific novelty of the thesis is in the comparative study built up on Turghenev’s lecture on Hamlet and Don Quixote through the analysis of eternal heroes in different cultures in 19-20th centuries. For the first time Hamlet’s echoes were researched in Romanian literature of Bessarabia.

In theoretical aspect a new literary term was introduced in relation to the discussed categories - the hero trend, i.e. an art trend that appeared as a result of literary character’s going beyond a piece of writing and turning into a behavioral pattern or a socio-cultural phenomenon in the process of its perception and re-interpretation. A wide range of European cultural texts representing multiple genres have been investigated - from poetry, prose and drama to theatre, cinema, and plastic arts.

Application value of the thesis: it can be used in the university course lecturing as the history of world literature, the theory of literature, other special course; it can be referred to research eternal figures, such as Faust, Don Juan.

For the first time in the comparative perspectives there was supposed and confirmed the term of hero trend for hamletism and quixotism in the dissertation.