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Dialogism of Mikhail Bakhtin. The carnivalesque element in the Romanian novel


Author: Cogut Sergiu
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.08 - Literature Theory
Year:2012
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Burlacu
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology of the ASM
Institution: Institute of Philology of the ASM

Status

The thesis was presented on the 10 February, 2012
Approved by NCAA on the 5 April, 2012

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.37 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

dialogue, dialogism, theory, conception, poetics, novel, polyphony, word, discourse, voice, bivocal, the carnivalesque of the novel, folk culture of laughter, menippeah, ambivalence, buffoon, grotesque realism, grotesque body, world as a show

Summary

The results are reflected in 18 scientific works.

The thesis structure: introduction, 3 chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, a bibliography of 72 titles, 163 pages of basic text.

Field of study: theory of literature

Purpose and objectives: the study of the specific of the bakhtinian approach to the novelistic prose proceeding from the poetician’s ideas concerning its dialogism, revealing also the importance of the tradition of literary valorification of the principles of carnivalesque poetics for the looming and development of the novel. The analysis of the bakhtinian view of menippeah as a representative genre of carnivalesque literature and elucidation of its structural features in order to determine its status in the present-day literary theory. To interprete some Romanian novels in the light of the concepts „bivocal word” and „world as a show”, emphasizing also the necessity to reveal the carnivalesque characters and scenes.

Scientific novelty and originality: in this work are specified the contributions of Mikhail Bakhtin to the philosophy of dialogue and also to theory of novel and to “metalinguistics” as he defined this area of scientific research of the social life of the human language. In order to demonstrate that the works written by Ion Creangă in the 19th century are still of great interest for contemporary literary critics we highlighted their importance as forerunners of the Romanian novels that are remarkable for the valorification of the carnivalesque poetics. We also revealed the specificity of the carnivalesque prose written by such novelists as Gib Mihăescu, Augustin Buzura, Constatin Ţoiu and Vasile Vasilache.

Important scientific problemsolved in this area: the present work focuses on the elucidation of the specific character of Mikhail Bakhtin’s approach to the carnivalesque poetics from the standpoint of the dialogism that he elaboarted on account of the research of the peculiarities defining the evolution of novel as a genre of the unofficial literature, the Russian scholar being especially interested in the grotesque realism of the work of Fr. Rabelais, the greatest representative of the literary carnivalesque tradition, and also in the polyphony of F. M. Dostoyevsky as an essential stage of the development of the novelistic prose.

Theoretical significance of the work lies in the elucidation of such bakhtinian concepts as “menippeah”, “carnivalesque ambivalence” and “polyphonic novel” as their comprehension is very important for the interpretation of the ideas formulated by the great literary theorist.

Applied value of the work is due to the content of the last chapter in which some outstanding Romanian novels are analysed from the point of view of the carnivalesque poetics.

Implementation of scientific results: The essential theses of this research have been published in 18 works. The author taught an optional course to the students at the philological department of Ion Creangă Pedagogical State Uiversity and also participated in the project The Bessarabian prose of the 20th century. Text. Conetxt. Intertext that resulted in the publication of a collection of scientific articles.