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Valorization of forensic research microobjects in the research of criminal offences

Author: Pisarenco Constantin
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.08 - Criminal Law (with specification: Criminal Law, Criminology, Criminal Procedure Law, Criminalistics, Judicial Expertise, Executional Law; Theory of The Operative - Investigation Activity)
Scientific adviser: Gheorghe Golubenco
doctor, professor, Free International University of Moldova
Institution: Free International University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 29 January, 2016
Approved by NCAA on the 21 April, 2016


Adobe PDF document0.77 Mb / in romanian


CZU 343.98 (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 3.30 Mb / in romanian
216 pages


microobjects, concept, classification, investigation at the crime scene, forensic value


ANNOTATION Pisarenco Constantin, “Valorization of forensic research microobjects in the research of criminal offences”, law PhD thesis entitled to specialty 554.04 – forensics, legal expertise, field investigations. Chisinau, 2016. Thesis structure. The thesis contains an introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, 150 pages of text, bibliography, which includes 283 titles, 17 tables, 1 figure, 12 applications. The results are published in 14 scientific works. Key words: microobjects, concept, classification, investigation at the crime scene, forensic value. The domain of study. The work is related to criminology and forensics science. The aim of the thesis. Based on the analysis of the doctrine of forensic microobjects, practice of working with micro traces, microparticles to clarify the conceptual basis of the study area, to develop recommendations for improving the criminal procedural legislation, proposals for algorithmization collection and inclusion in the criminal case of microobjects, as well as to improve the efficiency of crime investigation. The objectives of study: to examine the current situation in the field of forensic study of microobjects as a special type of physical evidence; explore the history and development of the theory of technical and forensic investigations of microscopic forensic science; to establish the concept and nature of microobjects in the conceptual apparatus, and a system of classification of microobjects; determine the possibilities of modern technical and forensic tools and methods for detection and investigation of crimes; study the effectiveness of technical and forensic assistance with microobjects in the scene of the crime during the investigation; the methodical peculiarities of the detection and investigation of microobjects at the crime scene and use as evidence in criminal proceedings; examine the role of expertise in the formation of microobjects evidence, establish the collection of microobjects to the case file as evidence; examine the practice of evaluation of the results of microobjects examination of the prosecution authorities and the court. The scientific novelty and originality. The novelty of the results determined by the fact that this work was one of the first scientific studies on this subject, carried out in our country, is it possible to refine and develop the conceptual framework of microobjects, to develop recommendations for the improvement of the criminal procedure law and the assessment of practical value of microobjects to increase effectiveness of the investigation of crimes. The originality of the work is to justify the need of a new type of criminal evidence. The scientific problem solved is to clarify the conceptual bases of doctrine of microobjects, resulting to a better criminal-procedural legislation of algorithmic optimization activities to detect and fix microobjects at the crime scene, as well as follow-up examine the role of expertise of microobjects, in order to increase effectiveness of the investigation of crimes. The theoretical significance and applicative value is to explore and identify practical implications of microobjects in a criminal case, the development of doctrine and development and enhancement of the effectiveness existing criminal procedural legislation, to develop proposals to improve these aspects. The implementation of the scientific results. In the educational process of universities, as a practical guide to the activities of specialists and forensic experts.