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The soviet Propaganda about Poland, Finland, Baltic Countries and Romania in the years 1939-1940 after the signing of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact

Author: Șișcanu Daniela
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific adviser: Gheorghe Cojocaru
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of History of the ASM
Institution: Institute of History of the ASM


The thesis was presented on the 24 February, 2017
Approved by NCAA on the 23 March, 2017


Adobe PDF document1.03 Mb / in romanian


CZU 94(498)”1939/1940”(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 1.57 Mb / in romanian
167 pages


propaganda, Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, territorial claims, occupation, the Political Direction of the Red Army, „the winter war”, the ultimatum, the Baltic Countries, the campaign „of liberation”, the romanian territories, the dismemberment of Bessarabia


Thesis structure: introduction, four chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography consisting of 262 titles, 156 pages of main text. The results are published in 9 scientific papers.

Field of study: History of Romanians.

Research goals and objectives: The goal of this dissertation is the investigation and the comparative interpretation, from the perspective of the historical science, of the forms and methods of Soviet propaganda used in order to support the diplomatic action, ideological motivation, explanation and justification of the military operations carried out aiming to occupy Romanian territories, in the context of bringing into force of the Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact, in 1939-1940.

The objectives are: to highlight the unexpected changes of Soviet propaganda regarding the signing of German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact; to analyze the ideological motivation of the Soviet Union's participation at the division of Poland; to examine the Soviet propaganda in the "Winter War" against Finland; to study the aspects of Soviet propaganda used to support Moscow’s plan to occupy the Baltic states; to present the Romanian-Soviet relations and the propaganda prior to the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact; to underline the Soviet propaganda’s stratagems used in the context of the occupation of the Romanian territories; to expose the instruments and the nature of the propaganda after the occupation of the Romanian territories and the creation of the MSSR.

The scientific novelty and originality of the dissertation are represented by the fact that the thesis is the first complex, comparative research of the Soviet propaganda phenomenon used to argue the significance of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact and to justify the military actions of the Red Army in the years 1939-1940 in the area from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea, especially in preparing and carrying out military operation against Romania in summer of 1940.

The scientific problem solved consists in the identification of the procedures used by Soviet propaganda concerning the signing of the Soviet-German Non-aggression Pact, the occupation by the USSR of Polish territories, the "Winter War" against Finland, the occupation of the three Baltic States and, specifically, the Soviet propaganda’s tricks regarding the occupation of the Romanian territories.

The theoretical importance arises from the scientific definition and elucidation of the propaganda’s essence and significance, as a form of communication; from the identification and elucidation of the proceedings undertaken by the Soviet propaganda in 1939-1940, from the interpretation of the ideological motivation of signing the Non-aggression Pact with Nazi Germany and of the Soviet aggression carried out in order to occupy Polish territories, Finland, the Baltic States and especially Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina and Hertza.

The applied value of the research is determined by the importance of these six states for Moscow’s foreign policy in the interwar period and in the present day. In the post-Soviet era, the Baltic States and the Republic of Moldova were included by Russian politics in the so called „immediate vicinity” and subjected to some kind of propaganda. In the same time Finland, Poland and Romania (members of European Union) are treated as potential enemies, considering that the last two countries are representing the eastern flank of NATO. The idea of omnipotence in manipulating the mass consciousness in the context of military conflicts in the post-Soviet area confirms the present-day importance of studying the propaganda techniques used in support of the occupation of neighboring countries’ territories in 1939-1940.

Implementation of the scientific results. The scientific results of this investigation have been implemented through the presentation of reports and communications at five international conferences focused on the issues in question. The most important results of the research are used in the elaboration of the teaching courses of world and national history, and the development of the Licentiate, Master and PhD thesis, as well as monographs concerning the Second World War.