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CNAA / Theses / 2018 / June /

Book and censorship in Bessarabia (1812-1917)

Author: Danilov Maria
Degree:doctor habilitat of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific consultants: Andrei Eşanu
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of History of the ASM
Gheorghe Cojocaru
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of History of the ASM
Institution: Institute of History of the ASM


The thesis was presented on the 26 June, 2018
Approved by NCAA on the 23 November, 2018


Adobe PDF document0.74 Mb / in romanian


CZU 002: 94 (478) „18-19” (043.2)

Adobe PDF document 4.39 Mb / in romanian
384 pages


Bessarabia; Russian Empire; Committee of Foreign Censorship; Imperial censorship; Internal censorship; religious censorship; censor; private libraries; book collections; parochial libraries; Romanian book; foreign book


Field of Study: specialization 611.02 – Romanian History (by periods). Thesis structure: list of abbreviations, introduction, five chapters of 3-5 subchapters each, general conclusions and recommendations. Bibliography with 420 titles, 260 pages (of thesis), 11 annexes, including a chronology of censorship (1814-1916), the declaration of responsibility and liability and author’s CV.

Thesis Scope: To highlight and eplain the phenomenon of book censorship in Bessarabia under Tsarist occupation showing how the Romanian book was an important source for the conservation of national conscience and the impact the Tzarist censorship hand on it. Objectives of this thesis: Analysis of the historiography of subject; highlighting specific conditions of Imperial legislation application in Bessarabia, investigation of the inventory of books in private libraries (boyar libraries) parochial and archpriest libraries; determining the impact of Imperial censorship on book publishing and circulation in Besarabia

The novelty and uniqueness of this work consists in the elaboration of a conceptual framework for the understanding and study of the phenomenon of Tsarist censorship and the cultural impact. The main benefits for the field resulting from this thesis for the first time historical research has extended to include the study of the phenomenon of history of book publishing and the censorship it faced during the Tsarist occupation (1812-1917). The research follows the local and central structures involved in the enforcement of censorship, including the censorship committees, the censors and the inspectors tasked with enforcing censorship for local and foreign books as well as the surveillance of book collections in private and public libraries. This research evaluates he first time the censorship regulation (1804; 1826; 1828; 1850; 1860; 1865; 1890; 1905; 1906) and the impact it had on the local publishing efforts, the circulation of books, both local or foreign, religious or non religious, as well as how it affected the content in public and private libraries. The statistical data obtained form this research was then used to analyze the book funds in scientific and private libraries. The results have been featured in 70 publications in the country as well as abroad and include 3 monographs, 2 serial catalogs and 1 collaborative paper.

The theoretical significance of this research A conceptual framework was developed on the issue of book censorship based on a complex methodology with important theoretical results to set the premises for a new direction in historical research.newâ - the study of the phenomenon of book censorship. The theoretical conclusions formulated in the thesis complete with new and novel the existing knowledge on the subject Basarabian book censorship and can serve as a theoretical basis for further research of the phenomenon of book censorship in other historical periods or other countries which were in past part of the Russian Empire. The practical value of this thesis: The obtained results can bee used for new research on the subject as well as development of encyclopaedic works on the subject of censorship, for synthesis research on the history on Tsarist administration in Bessarabia (1812-1917).

Implementation of research results: The research aims to understand, evaluate and interpret from a current perspective the phenomenon of book censorship, has inevitably led to a review of the inventory of books printed or stored in public and private libraries as well as a review of the significance of historical facts and events that took place in the Bessarabian space during the Tsarist period. Theresearch helps to further deepen the understanding of the subject by adding to the scientific circuit important documents, previously unknown, which cast a new light on the phenomenon of the book censorship and the impact it had in the Basarabian space (1812-1917).