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The Catholic Church of Bessarabia in the interwar period, PhD thesis in history

Author: Ciobanu Petru
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific adviser: Ion Gumenâi
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 18 December, 2019
Approved by NCAA on the 28 February, 2020


Adobe PDF document0.59 Mb / in romanian


CZU 94(478):272(478)(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 4.05 Mb / in romanian
192 pages


Bessarabia, Catholic Church, interwar period, Iasi Diocese, Catholic parishes, Catholic communities, bishops, priests, church


Author: Ciobanu Petru Andrei Theme: The Catholic Church of Bessarabia in the interwar period, PhD thesis in history, Chisinau, completed in 2019. Thesis structure: Introduction, four chapters, general conclusions, bibliography of 198 titles, 148 pages of basic text (until Bibliography), Annexes. Key words: Bessarabia, Catholic Church, interwar period, Iasi Diocese, Catholic parishes, Catholic communities, bishops, priests, church. The goal: the evolution of Catholic Church of Bessarabia in interwar period, with its different aspects: spiritual, social, demographical, educational, charitable, economic and legal. The objectives: establishing the political and religious context of the region after 1918; indicating the historical conditions where the Catholic communities of Bessarabia changed their legal status, becoming, from the part and parcel of Tiraspol Diocese, a part and parcel of Iasi Roman Catholic Diocese; determining the demographic evolution of Catholic element in Bessarabia in interwar period based on existent statistic data; identifying the main centres of Catholic life in Bessarabia and their organization manner; elucidating the internal life of Catholic communities in the Prut-Nistrian area during the period included in the paper chronological boundaries; reviewing the main actors of Catholic life in Bessarabia and the role they had in Catholic communities between Prut and Nistru; presenting some figures of native priests from Bessarabia and studying their activity within Iasi Roman Catholic Diocese; studying the activity of Catholic Church in Bessarabia in the educational and charitable assistance fields. The scientific novelty: elucidating the evolution of Romano Catholic communities life in the chronological boundaries enunciated in the title, as a component part of the Bessarabian confessional colouring. Introduction in the scientific circuit of a great number of documents which, till this moment, were not researched, represent another point of scientific novelty of this paper. At the same time, it was followed the conceptual reinterpretation of those few documents that had already been used or, if the case, the review of some conclusions the researchers came to. Therefore, the solved scientific problem is related to the complex elucidation of the evolution, place and role of Catholic confession in Bessarabia during 1918-1940 of XX century. The theoretical importance of the paper: to present, in the context of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary studies, a theoretical and methodological framework, based on factual, chronological and diachronic continuity, following the way of the new research field, history and religions study. On the other hand, this study opens new perspectives in both historical and interdisciplinary research (religion history, anthropologic study etc.). Generally, the paper covers an existent gap in historical science of the Republic of Moldova, providing a synthesis of the Catholic community life in Bessarabia during interwar period in its different aspects. The applicative value: initiating or continuing an interconfessional and interreligious dialogue with other religious realities currently present in the Republic of Moldova; the results of the paper may be starting points for other studies in the field; in the context of deepening the study of the history of minorities of any kind in the Republic of Moldova in the university, this thesis can be used as a teaching material within the faculties. Implementation of the obtained results: the theme of the thesis is the subject of a monograph, fifteen articles and ten participations in national and international conferences.