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Interaction of personal attributes and stress of military personnel under conditions of official activity


Author: Kraskovskaia Valeria
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.07 - Pedagogical Psychology, Psychology of Development, Psychology of Personality
Year:2020
Scientific adviser: Jana Racu
doctor habilitat, professor, Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Institution: Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 30 June, 2020 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document1.48 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.23 Mb / in english
Adobe PDF document1.42 Mb / in russian

Thesis

CZU 159.942:355.2(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 4.10 Mb / in russian
205 pages


Keywords

stress, stress tolerance, personal attributes, effective military serviceman, adaptive abilities, moral normativity, communication abilities, neuropsychic stability, accentuation of personality traits, depressed state, military servicemen

Summary

Thesis structure. The thesis consists of an introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography (280 sources), 7 annexes, 148 pages of main text, 27 figures, 32 tables. The obtained results are published in 19 scientific papers.

The scientific research purpose is to determine the interaction of personal attributes and stress of military servicemen for the elaboration, approbation and estimate of efficiency of the model and training program for increasing stress tolerance aimed at reducing stress, development and mobilization of personal attributes of military servicemen.

Objectives of the research: to make a theoretical analysis of psychological studies of personal attributes and stress, in the conditions of official activity; to examine the personal attributes and the level of stress of military servicemen, as well as to identify their interaction; to implement a comparative analysis of military servicemen with high and low levels of stress tolerance; to create the author’s concept of effective military serviceman; to elaborate a model and approbate a training program for increasing stress tolerance of military servicemen, taking into consideration the three spheres of personality, and offer recommendations for reducing stress, for the development and mobilization of personal attributes.

Scientific novelty and originality. For the first time in the Republic of Moldova, the author’s concept of effective military serviceman was theoretically justified and experimentally confirmed, on the basis of which a model for his formation and a training program for increasing stress tolerance was created. The conceptual model and training programs are based on the development and mobilization of the three spheres of personality: orientation, operational and modulation (psychophysiological) spheres. The developed training program contributed to overcoming stress in army and creating a positive attitude of military servicemen to perform official activity.

Important scientific problem solved in the research consists in determining the interaction of personal attributes and stress of military personnel under conditions of official activity, which served as a basis for the development of the author’s concept of an effective military serviceman, models of its formation and training programs for increasing stress tolerance, which has contributed to reducing stress, development and mobilizing the personal attributes of the military servicemen.

Theoretical significance of the research consists in the systematization of modern research on the issue of personal attributes, stress and stress tolerance of military servicemen. On their basis, the author’s concept of effective military serviceman was developed, which was confirmed in an empirical research. The theoretical interpretation of the interaction of personal attributes and stress of the military personnel identified in the research makes a certain contribution to the solution of important theoretical problems in psychology.

Applicative value of the research consists in creating a model and training program for increasing stress tolerance, which act as a tool to increase the effectiveness of military service, due to the development and mobilization of servicemen’s personal attributes. The obtained results can be used by military psychologists, commanders in work with the military servicemen of the Republic of Moldova, to assess the level of stress of military personnel, as well as increase their stress tolerance and prevent negative phenomena associated with official activity.

Implementation of the scientific results. The research results were implemented in the preparation of seminars and training programs for the National Army, and were also reflected in the «Ghidul activităţilor psihologice în Armata Naţională»(Guidebook of Psychological Activities in the National Army).