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The theory of variability and its applicability to the Romanian language of the Republic of Moldova

Author: Botnari Liliana
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Scientific adviser: Vasile Bahnaru
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology


The thesis was presented on the 22 October, 2020
Approved by NCAA on the 26 February, 2021


Adobe PDF document0.87 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.86 Mb / in romanian


CZU 811.135.1’37(478)(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 5.08 Mb / in romanian
245 pages


variability, variation, variety, variant, invariant, literary language, autonomous language, diachronic variety, diatopic variety, diastratic variety, diaphasic variety, diamesic variation, diegenic variation, the Romanian language, the „Moldavian language”, lexical variation, index of variation, lexical-semantic analysis


Thesis structure: introduction, 3 chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography o f 193 tit les, 14 annexes, 172 basic text pages, 14 figures, 4 tables. The results o f the research are published in 14 scient ific papers.

Field of study: 621-04-Lexicology and lexicography; terminology and specialized languages; traductology (Romanian) The purpose of the research: the analysis of the language variet ies, their funct ionalit y in some Romanian grammars and the Soviet printed press in Bessarabia over time (1946-1992).

Objectives of the research: ident ifying the key concepts and directions of the theory of language variabilit y; specifying the criteria o f the theory of language variabilit y applicat ion and those of determining the autonomy of a language, the taxonomies of its varieties; determining the specificity of the internal variability of Romanian according to the territorial, temporal, sociocultural or stylist ic differences; description of the temporal aspects of the Romanian language variability in the Bessarabian grammars; the complex research on grammatical norms and into the phonet ic, lexical and grammat ical differences detected in various grammars; describing the variabilit y funct ioning mechanism at all the levels of Romanian by ident ifying the main contrasts or similarities of the Romanian/„Moldavian” grammars; analysing the language variations at all the levels in the texts of the Soviet communist press; establishing the equivalence between the norms of the „Moldavian language” and those of Romanian.

The scientific novelty and originality: resides in the analysis of the phenomenon of variability, of its multiple aspects: diachronic, diastratic, diatopic, diaphasic, diamesic and diegenic variations. A multi-conceptual approach to the investigated phenomenon has been proposed in order to ident ify the funct ioning mechanism of the different types of variet ies of the Romanian language.

The results that contribute to the solving of an important scientific problem: we performed a complex research on the variability phenomenon; we proposed a classification of the types of language varieties, which allowed us to reveal the functioning mechanism of the variability in the Romanian language diachronically and synchronically, in some Romanian grammars and the printed press in Soviet Bessarabia.

The theoretical significance: derives from the investigated theoretical problems, which allows us to explain the causes and the criteria of the phenomenon of variability application to the Romanian language from the point of view of two research direct ions – internal and external, to study the diachronic and synchronic functioning of the Romanian language from the ontological and gnoseological perspectives.

The applicative value of the thesis: the results of the research can serve as a support for a diachronic study on the variation of the Romanian language, on the typology of the factors that generate the format ion of the language varieties and their particularit ies. The mult idisciplinar y character of the explored subject could act as an impetus for further research, for the elaboration of socio linguist ic, lexico logical, grammatical studies etc.

Implementation of scientific results: the results of our investigation were disseminated in reports presented during national and international scientific events (conferences, colloquiums) and were published in specialized journals and thematic collections from the Republic of Moldova and Romania.