Attestation committee
Accreditation committee
Expert committee
Dispositions, instructions
Normative acts
Nomenclature
Institutions
Scientific councils
Seminars
Theses
Scientific advisers
Scientists
Doctoral students
Postdoctoral students
CNAA logo

 română | русский | english


Reading as the means of existence for literary work. Theories of reading from the XXth century


Author: Dementieva Diana
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.08 - Literature Theory
Year:2021
Scientific adviser: Aliona Grati
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

Term of presenting of the thesis 10 March, 2021

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.53 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.60 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 821.019(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 2.02 Mb / in romanian
186 pages


Keywords

literary work, text, author, reader, concrete reader, abstract reader, fictional reader, literary communication, sender, receiver, reading, (re)reading, reception, interpretation, hermeneutics, reading competence, horizon of expectation, metatheory of reading, aesthetics reception, theories of reading, theories of reception, dialogism, intertextuality, sociocritical, intratextual dates, extratextual dates, open work, syncretic reading, syncretic model of reading

Summary

PhD thesis in philology, specialty: 622.03 - Theory of literature, Chisinău, 2021.

Thesis structure: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography from 132 sources, 170 pages of basic text, declaration of assumption of responsibility, author's CV.

The results of the thesis are reflected in 14 scientific papers. Keywords: literary work, text, author, reader, concrete reader, abstract reader, fictional reader, literary communication, sender, receiver, reading, (re)reading, reception, interpretation, hermeneutics, reading competence, horizon of expectation, metatheory of reading, aesthetics reception, theories of reading, theories of reception, dialogism, intertextuality, sociocritical, intratextual dates, extratextual dates, open work, syncretic reading, syncretic model of reading Field of study: Theory of literature The purpose of the paper is to analyze the metamorphoses of theory of reading from the twentieth century and create a panorama of them and propose a theoretical and methodological support suitable for the analysis of a literary work from the perspective of the reader.

Research objectives: 1. Reconstructing the evolution of the idea of literary reception; 2. Determining the stages of evolution of the concept of reading in the history of literary hermeneutics; 3. Clarification of polysemantic notions concerning the object, act, and subject of reading; 4. Interpretation of various perspectives on the existence of literary work; 5. Examining reading as the only means of existence of literary work; 6. Synthesizing the main theories of reading from the twentieth century; 7. Establishing the benchmarks for the delimitation between the categories: theories of reading and theories of reception; 8. Presentation of three syncretic reading models; 9. Proposing a syncretic reading algorithm; 10. Illustrating the applicability of the syncretic model of reading on the novel The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco.

The scientific novelty and originality of the paper involves creating, for the first time in our academic context, a panorama of the theories and models of reading in the twentieth century. As a result of the detection of the polyform specificity of the reading theory, it is insisted on the necessity of the delimitation between: theories of reading and theories of reception. However, it demonstrates the irrelevance of both groups of methodologies for effectively reading the literary work, because of their unidirectionality. As a result, a new model of the existence of the literary work is conceptualized, which includes all the traditional approaches (objective, expressive, mimetic and pragmatic). For the first time, a syncretic model of reading is proposed which borrows terms from dialogism, sociocriticism, the theory of intertextuality, theories of reading and theories of reception. This model introduces the notions of the metatheory of reading, the syncretic model of reading and syncretic reading. Finally, an algorithm for syncretic reading is proposed and its applicability demonstrated using the novel The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco.

The scientific problem solved in the researched field consists in the elaboration, especially for the scientific context from the Republic of Moldova, of an overall theoretical study on the theories and models of reading from the 20th century. The problem of terminological and methodological ambiguity was solved by classifying theories into two corresponding categories: theories concerned with intratextual instances (the perspective of the implicit reader) and theories studying extratextual instances (the perspective of the real reader). As a result of the discovered evidence, the problem of splitting the study of the literary work was detected. The problem is solved by conceptualizing and applying a syncretic reading model.

The theoretical and practical importance consists in identifying and defining the main operational concepts and analysis tools of the literary work from the reader's perspective. The approach involves a systematic analysis of studies in the field of reading theory appeared during the last century in the West and a few decades later in Romania. Chapter three involves a double innovative approach: from theory to practice. Constituting a base of updated, defined and clarified terminological and methodological tools, the research will be useful to any scientific researcher, literary critic, literary historian, university teacher, but also to pedagogy specialists, teachers from schools of the Republic of Moldova. The study also opens up multiple directions and possibilities for inter - and transdisciplinary research.

Implementation of scientific results. The results of the thesis continue to be implemented in the research project Culture of Promoting the Image of Cities from the Republic of Moldova Through Art and Mythopoetics from the Humanities Research Center of the State University of Moldova. The basic ideas of this study were presented at 14 scientific conferences in the country and abroad. Also, the results of research on the doctoral thesis are reflected in 14 articles published in scientific journals, national and international.