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Developing the personality of delinquent teenagers


Author: Nicolaescu Eliza Penelopa
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.07 - Pedagogical Psychology, Psychology of Development, Psychology of Personality
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Igor Racu
doctor habilitat, professor, Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Institution: Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 25 February, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.88 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.62 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 159.922.763:343.915(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 6.21 Mb / in romanian
241 pages


Keywords

juvenile delinquency, antisocial, adolescent, personality, adolescence-specific disorders, recidivism, maladaptive coping, criminal psychopathy, training program

Summary

Thesis structure: The thesis consists of annotations, list of abbreviations, introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 256 titles, 6 annexes, 138 pages of basic text, 51 figures and 8 tables. The obtained results are published in 13 scientific publications.

Field of study: psychology of delinquent adolescents.

The aim of the research was to determine the potential delinquency in adolescents and to develop and implement a psychological intervention program to improve these specific features of the deviant pattern.

The objectives of the research were: 1) analysis, study and explanation of theoretical models for the development of delinquent personality; 2) elaboration of a methodology for diagnosing the specific delinquency in adolescents; 3) comparative study of delinquent adolescents, respectively of their psychological particularities against to non-delinquent adolescents; 4) estimating the degree of criminal psychopathy in delinquent adolescents; 5) determining the personality peculiarities of delinquent adolescents; 6) evaluation of the clinical profile of young people with delinquent pattern; 7) determining maladaptive coping strategies and the level of moral development of adolescent delinquents; 8) elaboration and implementation of a dual psychological intervention program aiming at improving the delinquent potential; 9) make psychological recommendations of a practical nature to reduce the specific particularities of the deviant pattern in adolescents.

The results obtained that contribute to solving the important scientific problem consist of: developing a diagnostic model to determine the particularities that dominate the emotional and personality structure of delinquent adolescents, identifying risk and vulnerability factors and assessing the impact of implementing a dual psychological intervention program to improve the delinquency potential in adolescents.

Scientific novelty and originality. For the first time at national level, a comparative experimental study was conducted on the profile of criminal psychopathy and maladaptive coping strategies in delinquent adolescents compared to non-delinquent adolescents of the same age; a methodology for assessing and diagnosing the specific particularities of delinquent adolescents was established; a dual psychological intervention program was developed and implemented to improve the delinquency potential in adolescents.

The theoretical significance consists in highlighting the particularities of development that appeared in delinquent adolescents and determining the risk and vulnerability factors that contribute to the emergence of juvenile delinquency.

The applicative value of the paper consisted: in developing a model of psychodiagnosis of delinquency in adolescents as well as the setup, implementation, and verification of the effectiveness of a dual psychological intervention program aimed at improving the delinquency potential in adolescents; the obtained results complete the current information available, the paper being the foundation of a methodological guide of good practices.

Implementation of scientific results. The resulting materials are used in the process of continuous and complementary training of psychologists in the field of psychology within the Institute of Applied Psychology in the field of Mental Health and are recommended for the training of students and masters of Hyperion University Bucharest. The training program is applied by specialized psychologists, who work in the penitentiary system, in the centers and offices for evaluation and counseling or psychotherapy for the prevention of juvenile delinquency