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Elaboration of a monitoring system of the health of the cardiorespiratory system"


Author: Botnaru Nicolai
Degree:doctor of biology
Speciality: 03.00.13 - Human and animal physiology
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Teodor Furdui
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Physiology and Sanacreatology of the ASM
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 15 April, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.97 Mb / in english
Adobe PDF document1.00 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 612.17:004.9(478)(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 3.57 Mb / in romanian
157 pages


Keywords

physiological parameters, blood pressure, frequency of respiration, heart rate, oxygen saturation in the blood, body temperature, somato-vegetative health, remote monitoring

Summary

Thesis structure: introduction, 4 chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography from 273 sources, annexes, 127 pages of basic text, 7 tables, 53 figures. The obtained results were printed in 6 scientific publications.

Purpose: to substantiate the use of some representative physiological indices of the vital cardiovascular and respiratory systems as indicators of a device (prototype) for dynamic telemonitoring of preventive functional activities of state somato-visceral health of the body.

Objectives: Analysis of the practice of using technologies for remote monitoring of cardiovascular and respiratory system functions; estimation of physiological parameters (blood pressure, respiration rate, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation, body temperature), the use of which, in a telemonitoring system, would allow the preventive assessment of the functional activity of the cardiorespiratory system and the relative state of somato-vegetative health at distance; elaboration of monitoring system of some representative indices of the functions of the cardiorespiratory system in order to remotely evaluate its functional activity and the relative state of somato-vegetative health; elaboration of a specialized interface for visualization and analysis of physiological information about the activity of the cardiorespiratory system; elaboration of the information transmission module with the help of communication networks, in case of need; testing the overall functional capabilities with continuous remote monitoring system.

Scientific novelty and originality: consist in argumentations of a concept regarding identification of some physiological systems and their functional parameters that would reflect their relative functional state and somato-vegetative health and could serve as indicators of telemonitoring and elaborations of an original prototype of remote monitoring.

Originality of the results: it consists in the creation of a unique system for remote monitoring of some vital parameters based on high-performance, specialized which, with help of special algorithms, calculate the corresponding parameters. In the event of their failure, the alarm is triggered and a message is sent to the predefined email address

The scientific problem: the substantiation and conduct of interdisciplinary studies in physiology (sanocreatology) and biomedical engineering in order to develop and create systems of continuous remote monitoring of some vital parameters.

Theoretical importance: it consists in realizing the new possibilities to study the development of the mechanisms of constitution, maturation and stabilization in ontogenesis of the functions of vital physiological systems - cardiovascular and respiratory and their role in the formation and regulation of somato-vegetative health.

The applicative value: is determined by the demands of the sciences: human and animal physiology, sanocreatology, medicine, bioengineering, to study changes of the functions of vital physiological systems in remote dynamics and in time to take preventive and recovery actions.

Implementation of results: the obtained results are used within Medical Service of Ministry of Internal Affairs and in the scientific researches from the Institute of Physiology and Sanocreatology. At the same time, the results obtained can be used in scientific researches related to data analysis, studying the effectiveness of information representation in reducing the morbidity and mortality of remotely monitored people.