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CNAA / Theses / 2022 / July /

The Middle Dniester region in the 11th-3rd centuries BC

Author: Băț Mihail
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.06 - Archaeology
Scientific adviser: Aurel Zanoci
doctor, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 1 July, 2022
Approved by NCAA on the 30 September, 2022


Adobe PDF document0.82 Mb / in romanian


CZU 903ʺ638ʺ(282.247.314)(043)

Adobe PDF document 16.00 Mb / in romanian
504 pages


Iron Age, Holercani-Hansca culture, Cozia-Saharna culture, BasarabiȘoldănești culture, Thraco-Getic culture, microregion, open settlement, defensive system, necropolis, interdisciplinary research.


Thesis structure: introduction; three chapters; conclusions and recommendations; bibliography of 334 titles, annexes of 302 figures and tables; 155 pages of basic text. Keywords: Iron Age, Holercani-Hansca culture, Cozia-Saharna culture, BasarabiȘoldănești culture, Thraco-Getic culture, microregion, open settlement, defensive system, necropolis, interdisciplinary research.

The a im o f t he w ork is an integrated and interdisciplinary research of the Iron Age archaeological remains in the three microregions of the Middle Dniester region, using an approach based on current techniques and methods of studying landscape archeology.

Research objectives: 1. Mapping and updating the database of Iron Age sites in the Middle Dniester Basin; 2. GIS spatial analyzes in order to describe the dynamics of human communities during the Iron Age in different environmental conditions; 3. Analysis of the process of forming a system of settlements; 4. Revealing the specific features of the Iron Age habitat structures; 5. Analysis of the archaeological material from the habitat structures; 6. Studying and highlighting the specific features of funerary practices; 7. Adjusting chronological sequences of the evolution of these communities and identifying new dating possibilities by combining the chronological dates provided by radiometric data with those provided by the chronology of imports; 8. Elucidate the trade relations and the movement of goods between the communities of this region and the Greek, Celtic and Scythian world.

The novelty and originality of the research lies in an integrated approach to the archeological finds of the Iron Age and the related cultural phenomena that took place in the Middle Dniester region. Along with traditional research, the results of interdisciplinary investigations, such as spatial, geophysical, anthropological, ceramological, and other analyzes were considered. For the first time, Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon data was applied to Late Iron Age sites in the area between the Prut and the Dniester.

The result obtained, contributing to the solution of an important scientific problem, is the development of a model of interdisciplinary approach to the Iron Age habitat, which confirmed the possibility of applying multidisciplinary research to the study of pre- and protohistory. The theoretical significance consists in substantiating the concept of a regional model of archeological sites research. The definition “from microzone to macrozone” is introduced, revealing the uniform character of the evolution of the habitat, on the one hand, and the methodological potential in the study of community or population development in the region, on the other hand.

Applied significance: the results obtained will be used, first of all, in the project 20.80009.1606.14 within the State Program (2020-2023). They will also serve as the basis for the development of new national and international research projects. At the same time, they will have an impact on the safeguarding and promotion of the archaeological heritage of the Rezina and Șoldănești districts, contributing to the development of the business environment in the field of archaeological tourism. The results will also be used in the development of university courses, as well as undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral theses.

Implementation of scientific results. The results obtained during the elaboration of the doctoral thesis became the subject of a monograph and 48 articles published in journals and collections in the country and abroad. The results of this research served as a starting point for the elaboration of three national and international projects, as well as for the development of two university courses