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The principle of division of authorities: development and present state


Author: Malearciuc Oхana
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.01 - General Theory of Law, History of State and Law, History of Political and Law Doctrines
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Valentina Coptileţ
doctor, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: University of European Political and Economic Studies "Constantin Stere"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 12 July, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.51 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.55 Mb / in english
Adobe PDF document0.55 Mb / in russian

Thesis

CZU 342.5 (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 1.50 Mb / in russian
204 pages


Keywords

separation of powers, concept, theory, branches of power, legislative power, executive power, judicial power, balance of powers, „checks and balances”, „neutral” power

Summary

Внедрение научных результатов. Результаты научной деятельности по различным аспектам темы данного диссертационного исследования были представлены на нескольких международных конференциях и опубликованы в научных журналах, что способствовало обогащению основ теории разделения властей. По теме диссертации был опубликован ряд научных статей. Результаты диссертации используются при преподавании теории государства и права и отраслевых дисциплин. ABSTRACT Malyarchuk Oksana. «Тhe principle of division of authorities: development and present state». Thesis for obtaining a scientific doctorate in law. Specialty: 551.01 - General theory of state and law, 2022. Thesis structure: introduction, three chapters, conclusion, bibliography from 318 sources, 172 pages of work text. Keywords: separation of powers, concept, theory, branches of power, legislative power, executive power, judicial power, balance of powers, «checks and balances», «neutral» power. Field of study: General theory of state and law. The purpose and objectives of the dissertation. Purpose of work: a comprehensive study of the problems of formation and development of the concept of separation of powers on the basis of an analysis of theoretical principles, real practice of interaction between state authorities of modern states and the transformation of this idea in the form of a fundamental and cornerstone principle of a modern democratic state of law; improvement of the legislation of the Republic of Moldova on the organization of the state mechanism and public authorities. Research objectives: to analyze the historical background of the formation of the principle of separation or power; to study the features of the development of the principle of separation or power in legal science at different stages, to identify current trends in its development; reveal the conceptual content of the principle of separation of powers; to reveal the interdependence of the principle of separation of state power and the essence of democratic legal statehood; to identify the substantive features of its implementation inherent in various models of the organization of interaction of state-legal institutions; to assess the possibility of the principle of separation of state power in ensuring the rationality of public administration in modern states. The novelty and scientific originality of the work is expressed in the fact that it contains an attempt to comprehensively study the interpretations of the principle of separation of powers, both in historical retrospective and in the conditions of the modern state. Innovative elements are determined by recommendations formulated to address existing gaps in the national regulatory framework relevant to the topic of the study. An important scientific problem that has been solved is a comprehensive approach to uncovering the legal and organizational potential of the principle of separation of state power, which to a certain extent guarantees the essence and stability of a democratic state of law. The theoretical significance and applied value of the work lies in the fact that the provisions formulated in it develop and supplement those sections of the theory and history of state and law that are devoted to the study of the principle of separation of powers under study. The general conclusions and suggestions formulated as the results of the study can be used to improve the legislative and regulatory framework of the Republic of Moldova and other countries of young democracies. 8 The introduction of scientific results. The results of scientific activity on various aspects of the topic of this dissertation research were presented at several international conferences and published in scientific journals, which contributed to the enrichment of the theoretical foundations of the theory of separation of powers. A number of scientific articles have been published on the topic of the dissertation. The results of the dissertation are used in teaching the theory of state and law and other legal disciplines.