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Oriental mythemes in Romanian poetry of the XX-th century.


Author: Stajila Emilia
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Timotei Melnic
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 24 October, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.59 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.52 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 821.135.1.09,,20”:394(5(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 2.17 Mb / in romanian
183 pages


Keywords

myth, mytheme, Orient, symbol, archetype, decadentism, symbolism, romanticism, ertemism, dream, mystery, imaginary

Summary

Field of study: Speciality 622.01-Romanian literature.

Structure of the thesis: introduction, four chapters, containing three subchapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography, declaration regarding the assuming responsibility and the CV of the author.

The aim of the thesis is to identify and research oriental mythemes in the poetry of A. Macedonski, I. Minulescu, I. Barbu in order to determine their impact on the romantic, symbolist and hermetic imaginary in Romanian poetry of the last century.

The objectives of the thesis: establishing of the theoretical marks in approaching the classical concepts of myth; description of the mytheme concept launched by Claude Lévi-Strauss and treated as a fundamental and constant structure; identification of the oriental mythemes in the lyrical creations of Al. Macedonski, Ion Minulescu and Ion Barbu; demonstration of the expressive power of mythemes in the transfiguration of the abysmal depths of the human being; examining the impact of myth and mythemes in the ontologization of visions, in the modeling of three poetic systems; analysis of the archetypal myth of the poet, of the mytheme of the Traveling Poet, of the Poet identified with the Asian King; investigating the metamorphosis of the universal myth into a personal poetic myth; elucidating the meanings of the most important mythemes.

Novelty and scientific originality consists in the analysis and systemic interpretation of the postromantic poetry of reforming orientation, in particular of the oriental myths in the poetry of A. Macedonski, I. Minulescu, I. Barbu. Three models of creative assimilation of myth and mythemes in different forms with equally different results are demonstrated. The poets adapted the oriental mythemes to a modernism of symbolist, decadent or hermetic essence, they shaped their structure of the imaginary, they stimulated the paradigm shift, the concept of poeticity. The originality of the investigation consists in the evaluation of the myth and the mytheme in the spirit of the new theories of style and language.

The main new obtained results for science and practice: The relations between poetic thought and mythical thought were followed, was defined the myth and the mytheme, the role of mythical thought was studied in the unconscious study, the ability of the mythological elements to increase the expressivity of the language was demonstrated, the revealing way in which the poets create myths with a great artistic significance, the distinctive power to express some great myths and mythemes of universal poetry and to develop the ontology of the visions.

Theoretical significance: Evaluation criteria of the mythological reasons which underlie the conception of the world, nature and the cosmos of the poet have been established, the way in which mythical thought intersects with the scientific, political and poetical where symbolism intersects with romantism and ermetism.

Applicative value of the thesis: the obtained results can be used as a support for the new researches in the field of currents in Romanian literature, as a teaching material in the pre- university and university education.

Implementation of the scientific results. The fundamental aspects of the modernization process of the Romanian poetry were evaluated through the development of the mythical thinking. Fragments of the work were published in the scientific journals of the Republic.