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The ergodic text and its impact on the concept of literature

Author: Gotca Rodica
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.08 - Literature Theory
Scientific adviser: Aliona Grati
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 12 December, 2022
Approved by NCAA on the 24 February, 2023


Adobe PDF document0.81 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.79 Mb / in english


CZU 82-1/.-9.09:004(043)

Adobe PDF document 4.57 Mb / in romanian
205 pages


literature, ergodic literature, literary phenomenon, anti-literature, ergodic text, ICT, cybertext, hypertext, IF (interactive fiction), text adventure game, MUD, hyperfiction, post-literature, digital literature, digital poetry, e- poetry, visual poetry, "visual noise" poetry, sound poetry, video poetry, holopoetry, click poetry, cyberpoetics, ergocriticism, literary criticism, reader, gamer, user, cyborg, digitization


Thesis structure: introduction, five chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 151 titles, 153 pages of basic text, 2 tables, 34 figures, the results obtained being published in 17 scientific papers.

The purpose of the work: the analysis of the evolution of the text from the printed to the ergodic one, the compilation and description of an inventory of concepts necessary for the interpretation of the ergodic text in the digital environment.

Research objectives: defining the literature and the specific aesthetic specific in relation to technological evolution; punctuation, from a new epistemological situation, of the defining features of literature; description of the ergodic literary phenomenon; presentation of the ergodic text and its forms; defining and describing the forms of ergodic literature: cybertext, hypertext, IF, textual adventure game, MUD, hyperfiction; examination of post-literature in the era of virtual textualism; description of the digital ergodic literary phenomenon; establishing a typology of digital poetry; outline of a theoretical approach to cybertextuality; the proposal of Ergocriticism as a discipline concerned with the criticism of the ergodic text; exemplifying the digitization process by describing a project based on M. Eliade's work.

The scientific novelty and originality consists in creating a broad theory of ergodic literature and in opening an unexplored in the Romanian space for the interpretation of the digital ergodic text, considered as part of the evolution of literature in the age of technologies and virtuality. The ergodic literary phenomenon and its forms are presented, an inventory of theoretical analysis is provided and a premise for a classification of its forms into genera and species is made. What is new is the proposal of a discipline that would deal with the critical analysis of the ergodic text, which we called Ergocriticism. This critique model is described for the first time.

The results obtained contribute to the solution of an important scientific problem: the reconceptualization of the literary phenomenon as a result of the influence of the evolution of ergodic literature, a fact that resulted the innovation of the theoretical inventory and oriented the given research towards the definition and presentation of Ergocriticism as a discipline concerned with the interpretation of ergodic text.

Theoretical significance: compilation and description of an inventory of concepts, notions and terms necessary for the analysis of digital ergodic literature;

Applicative value: the given study facilitates the interpretation of digital literature, ergodic literature and literary productions that appeared in the period of the evolution of technologies and the expansion of literature in virtual space. Proposing the discipline of Ergocriticism, we direct philological researchers towards a way of criticizing ergodic literature and providing them with an applicable inventory.

Implementation of scientific results: presentations at 10 international conferences, 16 scientific articles and research activities within the Institutionalized State Project: Culture of promoting the image of cities in the Republic of Moldova through art and mythopoetics, MSU 2020-2023, publication of a chapter in the monograph Literary work as dialogue and relationship. New critical models: Dialogic, Imagology, Sociocriticism, Reader-oriented criticism, Ergocriticism, coord. Aliona Grati. Ed. Stiinta, Chisinau, 2021.