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Confessional minorities in Bessarabia (1812 – 70 th years of the XIX th century) from its annexation to the liberal reforms

Author: Gumenâi Ion
Degree:doctor habilitat of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific consultant: Ion Eremia
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 20 January, 2016
Approved by NCAA on the 25 February, 2016


Adobe PDF document0.34 Mb / in romanian


CZU 2-9(478)+94(478)″18″(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 2.74 Mb / in romanian
301 pages


Bessarabia, religious minorities, the Russian Empire, confessional politics, Roman Catholics, Protestants, Lipovans, Armenians and Jews


Structure of the thesis: introduction, five heads, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography (330 titles), 261 pages (before the bibliography), 8 tables. The results are published in 40 scientific papers.

Field of study: History of Romanians.

The purpose of the paper is facing complex study of the evolution of religious communities of Roman Catholics, Protestants, Armenians and Lipovans from Bessarabia.

The objectives of the work lie in the identification of the main centers of religious communities, which are the subject of the work, and the establishment of their geographical location; determining how their organization immediately after 1812, identify the model whom were based, and the differences arising from the previous period, and studying the causes thereof; etnoreligios establishment and religious spectrum of Bessarabia and demographic trends, from this point of view, the religious communities in the investigated region interfluve until 60-70 years of liberal reforms of the nineteenth century; environmental zones and preferential attachment of each confession in part to the region concerned; elucidating the situation of the Roman Catholic communities in Bessarabia, resulting from the attitude and policies of state authorities towards this cult and explanation of religious policy guidelines of the Russian Empire; Identifying the factors that determined the preferred position of the Protestant communities in Bessarabia and comparing them with other denominations, primarily with the Roman Catholic; determining the essence and achieve religious policy of the Russian Empire against Lippovans in the Prut and Nistru; tsarist administration's duplicitous policy analysis towards religious minorities

The scientific novelty of this work is to study the evolution of complex communities of Catholics, Protestants, and Lipovans Armenians as a whole, as well as parts of the Prut-Dniester space. Attempt to restore the historical picture of the above communities as a whole, and in particular.

The theoretical value. The theoretical value of the thesis is to provide a theoretical basis for factual and diachronic continuity, in an interdisciplinary context from the perspective of epistemology, it marks the emergence of a new field of both historical and interdisciplinary research, which allows to eliminate the existing historiography in the Republic of Moldova, omissions and inaccuracies.

The practical value of the thesis work provides valuable information identified in the study of archival documents; it represents a synthesis of dedicated religious communities in Bessarabia and Policy of the Russian Empire against them includes different components of the policy.

Implementation of scientific results. The scientific results obtained in the studies were used to writing monographs, more than fifty articles was used and presented at national and international conferences on this subject, has also been used in the development of a textbook for students of Master in also in writing diploma theses, Master studies and doctoral programs.