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The easel graphic in the Republic of Moldova

Author: Rașchitor Tatiana
Degree:doctor of history and Theory of Arts, Cultorology
Speciality: 17.00.06 - History and Theory of Arts; History of Culture and Civilization
Scientific adviser: Tudor Stăvilă
doctor habilitat, professor, Technical University of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 22 November, 2018
Approved by NCAA on the 15 March, 2019


Adobe PDF document0.90 Mb / in romanian


CZU 76 (091) (478) (043.

Adobe PDF document 5.10 Mb / in romanian
229 pages


easel graphic, drawing, prints, etching techniques, watercolor, gouache, pastel, genres of arts


Structure of the thesis: Introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography (281 titles), 147 pages of content and 3 annexes.

The research area: 651.01. Theory and History of Fine Arts. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a complex vision of the easel graphic evolution in the fine arts in the Republic of Moldova between 1887-2000.

The objectives of the study consists in:

  1. Establishing the particularities of the researched periods through the identification of the artistic model which was at the base of their development, as well as the existing differences between the studied periods;
  2. Identification of the techniques and characteristics of the easel graphic in the context of national fine arts;
  3. Establishing the preferred genres and the techniques within each of the stage of the targeted field of study;
  4. Identification of the factors which determined the preferred position of certain genres in specific periods;
  5. Establishing the dominant stylistic directions during the evolution of the easel graphic;
  6. Identification of the prolific personalities for the evolution of the easel graphic and revealing their contribution to the evolution of the national easel graphic;
  7. Analysis of the most important works in the field of easel graphic.

Scientific novelty and originality of the thesis is in the comprehensive research, within the proposed chronologic segment, of the evolution of the easel graphics within the national fine arts and the analysis of the thematic component, specific to the graphic genres. It is attempted to present, for the first time, a synthesis of the easel graphic history, by identifying and analyzing the individual and overall elements and characteristics of this type of art.

Main resolved scientific problem consists in the revelation of the importance of easel graphics in the context of the plastic arts of Bessarabia, MSSR and the Republic of Moldova in the 20th century, which led to the presentation of a systemic framework of the easel graphic evolution, based on a theoretic-methodological ground, specific to fine arts genres, in order to elucidate the contribution of the artists who have contributed to the evolution of the easel graphic, as well as the emphasizing of the easel graphics value and placing the works in the scientific circuit.

The scientific results will be implemented by publishing over 15 articles, contributing to 12 national and international conferences focused on the subject, using the information as didactic support in faculties specialized in fine arts history and theory, in the field of antiques, auction houses, for art collectors and guides, as well as for any other parties interested in easel graphic.