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Evolution of the performing technique on the bass guitar in jazz music (50s of the 20th century – the beginning of the 21st century)

Author: Vitiuc Alexandr
Degree:doctor of history and Theory of Arts, Cultorology
Speciality: 17.00.01 - Audio-visual Arts (with specification: Theatrical Art; Musical Art; Cinematography, TV and other form of Audio-Visual Arts)
Scientific adviser: Victoria Tcacenco
doctor, professor, Academy of Music of the Theatre and Fine Arts
Institution: Academy of Music of the Theatre and Fine Arts


The thesis was presented on the 15 December, 2021
Approved by NCAA on the 28 April, 2022


Adobe PDF document0.43 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.41 Mb / in english
Adobe PDF document0.44 Mb / in russian


CZU [780.653.1:780.614.131.015.2]:781.68](043.3)

Adobe PDF document 2.72 Mb / in romanian
160 pages


bass guitar, fretless bass, pickups, performing technique, pizzicato, slap, tapping, harmonics


Thesis structure: Creative part: three concert programs recorded on DVD; Scientific research: Introduction, three chapters, General conclusions and recommendations, Bibliography of 157 titles, 4 appendices; 131 pages of body text, 17 pages of appendices. The results are reflected in 22 publications.

Research area: jazz performance on the bass guitar.

Purpose of thesis: research of the evolution of the performing technique on the bass guitar in jazz music (from the 50s of the 20th century – to the beginning of the 21st century), in the unity of it’s technological, historical and performing aspects.

Research objectives: analyze the historical background of the appearance of the bass guitar, the first experiments of its creation, the processes of improving the design features of the instrument; explore performing techniques and playing techniques based on the creativity of the leading bass players of the mid 20th century – early 21st century; to reveal the influence of the contrabass, acoustic guitar and electric guitar methods of sound production on the bass guitar technique, and also to study the formation of new playing techniques; define the role of jazz, pop and rock music in the context of expanding the performing functions of electric bass in all types of modern bands; study printed scientific and methodical works, as well as multimedia sources (audiovisual materials, video schools); consider the specifics of modern Internet education based on the work of the personal YouTube channel by Alexandr Vitiuc.

Scientific and practical novelty and originality of the thesis. The practical aspect of the evolution of the performing technique on the bass guitar in jazz music is that in the process of stage performances the author has demonstrated all modern examples of bass guitar technique. In the theoretical part, for the first time in the Republic of Moldova, a comprehensive study of the evolution of the performing technique on the bass guitar was carried out, considered as a combination of historical, technological, performing and educational-methodical aspects. The work also touches upon topical issues of the methods of Internet education on the bass guitar using the YouTube video channel. In the process of studying the performing technique of pizzicato, the author introduced a new term into scientific use – pizzicato from the deck.

The practical significance of the work is due to its application in academic disciplines: Instrument+Improvisation, Methods of teaching a specialty, Artistic practice, Additional instrument, Pedagogical practice, History of pop and jazz music, etc. Thus, the research results can be used in the preparation of professional musicians for performances on stage and in studio recordings, in the activities of pedagogues teaching bass.

Testing the results of the work. Practical approbation was implemented in the framework of three concert performances in the Small Hall of the AMTFA and the Great Hall of the A.G. Rubinstein Institute of Arts, Tiraspol. The results of theoretical research are reflected in 14 publications, including 11 scientific and 3 abstracts of communications at scientific conferences. The dissertation materials were presented at 8 scientific forums, including 5 international scientific conferences and 3 scientific and methodological seminars.