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Strength training of middle distance runners aged 13 - 15 years


Author: Svecla Svetlana
Degree:doctor of pedagogics
Speciality: 13.00.04 - Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Sport Training and Physical Culture of Recuperation
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Alexandr Goraşcenco
doctor, The State University of Physical Education and Sports
Institution: The State University of Physical Education and Sports

Status

The thesis was presented on the 15 February, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.95 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.08 Mb / in russian

Thesis

CZU 796.015.52:796.422.14 (053.2)

Adobe PDF document 4.19 Mb / in russian
191 pages


Keywords

middle distance running, strength training, juniors, motor tasks, regulating, effort, annual cycle

Summary

Thesis structure: introduction; 3 chapters; general conclusions and recommendations; 131 pages of the main text; bibliography of 261 sources; 6 annexes; 19 figures; 51 tables. The research results are published in 26 scientific articles.

The research purpose: modeling and arguing the technology of increasing the quality of junior middle distance runners training by applying strength training influences that correspond to the specifics of the chosen specialization event.

The research objectives: To reveal the specificity of the strength training content for middle distance runners at the initial sports specialization stage; To reveal the variants of strength orientation loads distribution within the annual training cycle of middle distance runners aged 13-15; To argue the effectiveness of the 13-15 year-old middle distance runners’ strength training model in an annual training cycle.

The scientific novelty and scientific originality of the research consists in the forming the functional potential of 13-15 year-old middle distance runners, in accordance with the competitive particularities, by concretizing the acceptable size of the effort within the means of strength training and the algorithm of their organization in an annual cycle by combined-successive form.

The important scientific problem of the research consists that the stagnation of the motor potential, observed in middle distance runners in the case of the predominant application of endurance training means, can be combated by regulating the force influences according to age and specificity of competitive activity and, also by successively introducing them in the annual training process, which will contribute to increasing the level of training and achieving it at a high level in competitions.

The theoretical significance of the research results consists in: expanding the spectrum of knowledge about the opportunity to apply strength training influences in the training process of middle distance runners and the rationality of their introduction in the training of young runners; modeling the components of strength training; elaboration of the technology for composing the motor tasks and for designing the algorithm for their implementation in the annual cycle.

Practical significance. The research results can be used to define the strategy for middle distance runners training within an annual cycle; to programme strength actions for middle distance runners within the annual training cycle; to vary development of young runner strength capabilities taking into account the specificity of their specialization etc.

Implementation of research results. The research results have been implemented into the young middle distance runners training from Moldova, Ukraine and Turkey.