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Повышение эффективности межличностного общения у детей младшего школьного возраста


Author: Roșca Maria
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.01 - General Psychology
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Svetlana Tolstaia
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 12 May, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document1.26 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.19 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 316.772.4:373.3 (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 3.07 Mb / in romanian
232 pages


Keywords

младший школьник, общение, межличностное общение, навыки общения, самопознание, самооценка, межличностные отношения

Summary

Thesis structure. The thesis contains an introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography (177 titles), 8 annexes, 35 tables, and 20 figures. The volume of the thesis is 236 pages, of which 141 - basic text. The results of the research are published in 11 scientific articles.

Field of research: 511.01 – General psychology.

The object of the research aims at the particularities of communication, self-knowledge, and interpersonal relationships in primary school children.

Research purpose is to identify the peculiarities of communication, self-knowledge, and interpersonal relationships with primary school children and to develop a program of psychological intervention to streamline interpersonal communication.

Research objectives: analysis of the literature on the issue of communication, self-knowledge, and interpersonal relationships in primary school children; establishing the methodology for investigating communication, self-knowledge, and interpersonal relationships in primary school children; identification of the particularities features regarding the communication competence, the level of self-knowledge, and the interpersonal relations in the children of primary school-age; elaboration, implementation and evaluating the effectiveness of a Psychological Intervention Program to make interpersonal communication more efficient for primary school children; formulating the conclusions of the recommendations for psychologists, educators, parents, children.

Scientific innovation and originality. The research results complete the theoretical-applied framework of the investigated issues, through various approaches: Theoretical: presentation of new information on the peculiarities of communication, self-knowledge, interpersonal relationships; establishing the psychological profile of the primary school child with obvious features of effective communication; substantiation of the Psychological Intervention Program aimed at streamlining interpersonal communication in primary school children; Applicative: selection and argumentation of research tools, obtaining conclusive results; elaboration, implementation, and evaluation of the efficiency of the Psychological Intervention Program.

The important scientific problemsolved lies in the identification of the particularities of communication, self-knowledge, and relationships at a young age, which conditioned the development of a Psychological Intervention Program, thus ensuring the efficiency of interpersonal communication in primary school children. The theoretical importance lies in: the systematization of scientific knowledge on communication, self-knowledge, interpersonal relationships of primary school children; identifying the peculiarities of communication, self-knowledge, interpersonal relationships of primary school children; substantiation of the Psychological Intervention Program aimed at stimulating communication skills, developing the level of self-knowledge, improving interpersonal relationships to streamline interpersonal communication in children of primary school age.

The applicative value of the research consists in the selection of a set of tools that helped to identify the particularities of communication, self-knowledge, and interpersonal relationships in primary school children; the elaboration of the psychological profile of the child of small school age that manifest features of effective interpersonal communication; the validation of the Psychological Intervention Program regarding the efficiency of interpersonal communication in primary school children; formulating scientific conclusions and recommendations regarding the premises and psychological context of streamlining interpersonal communication in primary school children; the obtained results complete the methodological database on the activity of the psychological service in pre-university education institutions and in specialized centers with psychodiagnostic and practical methods that can be used by psychologists, school psychologists, teachers in counseling, personal development activities, training of communication skills, and self-knowledge, improving interpersonal relationships, etc.; the research results can be applied in the initial and continuous training process of school psychologists, pedagogues, counselors in the field, can be used in university, master's or specialization courses and continuing professional training in general psychology, personality psychology, age psychology, and educational psychology.

Implementation of the results. The obtained results were discussed and approved within the Department of Psychology of the State University of Moldova, within the pedagogical methodological commissions in the gymnasium “A.Mateevici” from Răuțel village.