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CNAA / Theses / 2022 / June /

The personal development of young women descends from aggressive family backgrounds

Author: Crâşmaru Ana Maria
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.07 - Pedagogical Psychology, Psychology of Development, Psychology of Personality
Scientific adviser: Elena Losîi
doctor, associate professor (docent), Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Institution: Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"


The thesis was presented on the 24 June, 2022
Approved by NCAA on the 30 September, 2022


Adobe PDF document0.78 Mb / in romanian


CZU 316.6:159.923-055.2(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 5.18 Mb / in romanian
270 pages


domestic violence, aggression, abuse, young women, trauma, emotional disorder, stress, intervention program, family, risk factors, protective factors


Thesis structure: The thesis consists of annotation (in 3 languages), list of abbreviations, introduction, three chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 229 titles, 7 annexes, 146 basic text pages, 49 figures and 46 tables. The obtained results are published in 11 scientific papers.

The research purpose was to identify the psychological peculiarities of young women from aggressive family environments, to develop and implement a psychological intervention program for the development of their personality.

The research goals were: reviewing (studying and analyzing) the literature on women's development in aggressive environments; elaboration and realization of the research project by applying different methods for investigating and evaluating the personality of young women from aggressive environments; highlighting personality traits related to domestic risk in young women from aggressive environments; identifying the levels of protective personality factors; elaboration and implementation of a psychological intervention program for personal development of young women from aggressive environments; evaluation of the implemented psychological intervention program; developing recommendations for working with women at risk of domestic violence.

The important scientific problem solved in the research consists in identifying the personality peculiarities of young women from aggressive environments and evaluating the impact of a psychological intervention program for the development of their personality.

Scientific novelty and originality. For the first time at national level, the experimental study of the personality women from aggressive backgrounds was conducted; the specificity of the interaction of young women involved in domestic violence with aggressor from the basic family was indentified, the level of risk for domestic violence for women from aggressive backgrounds of the origin was assessed; the level of aggression and its components (physical and verbal aggression, hostility and anger) in young women were highlighted; the level of self-perception on the status of victim of domestic violence was assessed; the personality factors of women victims of domestic violence that are considered to be predictors of status of victim-aggressor and the relation between them were investigated; the relation between the perceived aggression in origin family and the manifest aggression in the current family was explained, this fact allowed to develop the personality of young women from past and present aggressive environment through the application of program of psychological intervention. This psychological intervention program represents the originality and the scientific novelty.

The theoretical significance consists in highlighting the personality peculiarities developed by young women from aggressive family backgrounds and their risk and protective factors.

The applied value of the work. During the study, a psychological intervention program was developed, implemented and evaluated with the objective of developing the personality of young women from aggressive family backgrounds. The obtained results join and complete the current knowledge, the research results being the basis of a personal development program, grounded theoretically and practically. The psychological intervention program can be applied by psychologists and coaches, who work in social protection systems, in state and non-governmental assessment and counselling centres dedicated to people involved in domestic violence. The proposed methods and recommendations can be used in the practical activity of psychological counselling of victims of domestic violence, in the development of individual programs and personal development trainings.

Implementation of scientific results. The obtained results are used in the process of continuous training of clinical psychologist, counsellors psychotherapists and are recommended for the training of specialists in domestic violence. The thesis represents a contribution to the enrichment of the scientific literature in the field of psychology and is used in the activity of psychological counselling at GTL Medical Clinic, Bacău, România.