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Development of volitional qualities in preadolescents


Author: Niță Liliana
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.07 - Pedagogical Psychology, Psychology of Development, Psychology of Personality
Year:2022
Scientific adviser: Iulia Racu
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent)
Institution: Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 27 June, 2022 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.86 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.86 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 159.922.7+159.947(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 4.29 Mb / in romanian
249 pages


Keywords

volition, perseverance, volitional qualities, personality traits, program of psychological interventions, preadolescent age

Summary

Structure of the thesis: This thesis is composed of the following: annotation, list of abbreviations, introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations; the bibliography which includes 227 bibliographical sources; 6 annexes, 137 pages of the main text, 63 figures and 16 tables. The results of the research are published in 10 scientific articles.

Area of study: Developmental psychology, Preadolescent psychology

The aim of this research was to study the specifics of volition and volitional qualities in preadolescents, as well as to elaborate and implement a new model of psychological intervention aiming to develop the volition and volitional qualities and thus to contribute to the development of personality traits.

The objectives of the research: The analysis of psychology literature regarding volition, volitional qualities, preadolescent age, manners of studying volition, as well as the methods, techniques and ways of developing the volitional qualities; Identifying and highlighting the differences of gender and age in manifesting the volition and volitional qualities in preadolescents; Highlighting the personality traits of preadolescents with different levels of development of volition; Elaborating, implementing and evaluating the efficiency of the psychological intervention program oriented towards the development of volition and of volitional qualities in preadolescents.

The results that were obtained and which contribute to finding a solution for this important scientific problem consist of an integrated conceptualization of volition deduced from a gender and age approach, of revealing the traits of volitional qualities dependant on gender and age and in terms of highlighting the manifestation of personality traits in preadolescents with different levels of development of volition, which formed the foundation for the elaboration and implementation of a psychological intervention model that contributed to the development of volition and volitional qualities (the capacity to reach goals, the courage and capacity to make decisions, the perseverance and firmness, the initiative and independence, the self-control and endurance).

Scientific novelty and originality. At a national level, this is the first time that a theoretical and experimental study is done regarding volition and volitional qualities in preadolescents. We have conceptualised a psycho-diagnosis model aiming to investigate volition, volitional qualities and personality traits correlated to these in preadolescents. We have put an emphasis on the evolution of volition and volitional qualities during the preadolescent age. We have established the specific characteristics of volition and volitional qualities in preadolescent boys and girls. We have examined the personality traits that are specific to preadolescents who have different levels of development of volition. We have highlighted the psychological portrait of the preadolescent with a high level of volition development. We have elaborated a psychological intervention model oriented towards the development of volition and volitional qualities in preadolescents.

The theoretical significance of the thesis. The results of the theoretical and experimental approach are enriching the field of developmental psychology and educational psychology with new and ample knowledge referring to the development of volition and volitional qualities during the preadolescent age, to the difference of gender and age in the manifestation of volition and volitional qualities in preadolescents, as well as of the personality characteristics and the developmental regularities of preadolescents having different levels of volition. The results of the investigation and the conclusions that were drawn are essential to the theoretical elaboration of the issue of volition, of the emotional and volitional sphere and of the personality in the context of the field “Cognitive and psychosocial development during preadolescence”.

Applicative value of the thesis. The ideas and regularities that are presented in this research regarding the development of volition and volitional qualities, the inter-correlations with the personality traits can be used within the development and formation process of a balanced and harmonious personality. The psycho-diagnosis tools that we have proposed in order to examine volition, volitional qualities and personality traits can be used by school psychologists, clinical psychologists and psychotherapists, teachers etc. The psychological intervention program oriented towards the development of volition and volitional qualities can be used by school psychologists, psychotherapists who work with personal development groups, teachers, parents and preadolescents and can represent the foundation of a good practice methodology guide.

Implementing the scientific results. The results of the theoretical and experimental research were implemented during the international mobility program Erasmus+ (University of Granada, Spain, 2018), in the teaching process of preparation and formation of students of Developmental Psychology, Psychology of Personality and Psychology of Regulatory Processes, of masters and doctoral students of Psychology in universities, during continuous formation courses and scientific and methodological conferences of psychologists, school counsellors and teachers. 6