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Ion Creangă and Bessarabian prose

Author: Costin-Băicean Iraida
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Burlacu
doctor habilitat, professor, Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Institution: Institute of Philology


The thesis was presented on the 12 December, 2022
Approved by NCAA on the 24 February, 2023


Adobe PDF document0.69 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.61 Mb / in english


CZU 821.135.1(478).09-3(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 2.28 Mb / in romanian
169 pages


Ion Creangă , childhood myth, rewriting, narrative model, cult of the narrator, orality, narrative figures, paradigm shift, modernist, postmodernist, intertext, ludic, ironic, crengianism


Costin-Băicean Iraida. Ion Creangă and Bessarabian prose, PhD thesis in philology, speciality 622.01. - Romanian literature, Chisinau, 2022. Thesis structure: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography made up of 201 sources, 146 pages of basic text, statement of responsibility, author's CV. The results of the thesis are reflected in 12 scientific papers, including a monograph. Keywords: Ion Creangă , childhood myth, rewriting, narrative model, cult of the narrator, orality, narrative figures, paradigm shift, modernist, postmodernist, intertext, ludic, ironic, crengianism. Aim of the paper: the research aims to explore the phenomenon of crengianism in Bessarabian prose through the lens of rewriting the Creanga model. Research objectives: To briefly present the vast and valuable exegesis on the life and work of Ion Creangă , to interpret the research problem in Bessarabian criticism; To identify the meanings of the Creanga model; To examine the thopic of "the childhood of the universal child" in the prose of Spiridon Vangheli (The Little Boy in the Blue Hut; Guguță - captain of the ship; Guguță's exploits), Ion Druță (Horodiște) and Paul Goma (Din calidor); Illustrating the creative assimilation of the model in Vasile Vasilache's novel The story of the red rooster; Revealing the subversive character in Vlad Ioviță's rewriting of the story of Ivan Turbincă; Highlighting ironic and playful intertextualization in the prose of Emilian Galaicu-Păun, Anatol Moraru and Nicolae Leahu; Analysis of fictional (auto)biographies in the prose of Ștefan Baștovoi and Constantin Cheianu; Investigation of failures in Ion Iachim's imaginary translation, in Alexandru Vakulovski's shocking experiment, in the novel Bridges by Ion C. Ciobanu and in the adaptation of Stan the Shepherd by Alexei Marinat (Human Stupidity). Demonstrating the catalytic and stimulating impact of Creanga's model in the most important metamorphoses of Bessarabian prose. The novelty and scientific originality of the work consists in demonstrating the impact of the Creanga’s model in the most important metamorphoses of contemporary prose in the Republic of Moldova, in elucidating the catalytic, stimulating and shaping character of the model in the creative assimilation of the modalities of artistic transfiguration of reality, in the continuity and discontinuity of traditions and narrative modalities, in the deconstruction of the model by postmodernists. Main scientific results obtained: It has been demonstrated that Creanga's model has a decisive impact on the most important metamorphoses of the sixteenth-century and postmodernist prose; Creanga's masterpieces are catalytic, stimulating and configuring models in their artistic transfigurations; It has been argued that the theme of "the childhood of the universal child" in the prose of Spiridon Vangheli, Ion Druță and Paul Goma is a "theme with variations" and, despite certain affinities of vision, style and narrative discourse, it is treated in distinct and original ways; The subversive character has been illustrated in the intertextualization of the stories, subjects and characters of the Crengians in the prose of Vasile Vasilache, Vlad Ioviță and Alexei Marinat, who, in the context of the ''omnipresent censorship'', have provided models of resistance through culture. The upside-down picture of the world, the carnivalization of communist realities, is conceived not only as a subtle criticism of the totalitarian regime, but also as a subtle response to opportunist literature; The impact of Creanga in the intertextual, ironic and playful feast in the prose of Emilian Galaicu- Păun, Anatol Moraru and Nicolae Leahu has been analysed, the fictional (auto)biographies in the prose of Ștefan Baștovoi and Constantin Cheianu, focusing on childhood memories of the last decade of Soviet communism, their postmodern rewriting, have been highlighted. Samples of the sequel to Memories..., of shocking, failed experiments in sub-literature, in triviality with inherent consequences, were also examined. The classical prestige of the ''corrosive'' prose of The Story of Stories and The Tale of Silly Ionika does not save the erotic exploits of postmodernist prose. Theoretical significance: The aspects investigated in the thesis open up new perspectives for approaching the relations of Bessarabian prose with, for example, the historical novel of Sadoveanu the construction of the Rebrenian novel, with the artistic reception of naturalism, existentialism, in its intertextual relations with other great writers of Romanian or universal literature. Applicative value: The investigation could form the basis of an optional course support at the faculties of philology, level I, licence; The research results could be used as reference points for writing chapters on the history of Romanian literature in Bessarabia, with reference to sixties, eighties and twenties Bessarabian prose writers; The textual analyses proposed in this paper could stimulate new rewritings of the Crengian model, especially among postmodernist prose writers; The investigation could serve as a research model for addressing the impact of other narrative models on today's prose. Implementation of the scientific results: The results of the thesis were applied within the project Evolution of Romanian Literature, Folklore and Theory of Literature in European and Universal Context at the Bogdan Petriceicu – Hasdeu Institute of Romanian Philology of the MSU. The main results of the research were reflected in 12 papers. The basic ideas of the research were presented at national and international scientific meetings. Published in the form of a monograph, the thesis is put in the literary circuit, receiving favourable echoes in the specialized press in the Republic of Moldova.