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Information support of the decision-making system in emergency situations

Author: Peancovschii Serghei
Degree:doctor of engineering
Speciality: 05.13.13 - Computers, computational systems and networks
Scientific adviser: Tudor Leahu
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Institution: Free International University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 17 March, 2023 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.


Adobe PDF document1.71 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.63 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.71 Mb / in romanian


CZU [351.862+614.8]:004(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 5.53 Mb / in russian
205 pages


emergency situations, management teams, damage, risk management cycle, response time reduction, effective solutions, situational control center, mobile control center, criteria for assessing decision-makers


The structure of the thesis consists of an introduction, three chapters, conclusions, a list of references and annexes. The total volume of the work is 143 pages. The work is illustrated by 52 figures, contains 7 tables and 3 annexes. The list of references includes 133 titles.

Field of study: system of effective management of liquidation of the emergency situations in the Republic of Moldova.

The purpose of the paper is to improve the efficiency of the functioning of the decision-making system by introducing a science-based approach to optimizing business processes, for decision-makers.

Objectives of the paper:

Scientific novelty and originality: Elaboration and implementation of new conception of development of models and technics, which ensures the theoretical base and the efficient functioning of its decisional processes optimization in the emergency situations.

The obtained results contribute to the solution of an important scientific problem related to the elaboration and improving the efficiency of the decision-making system, ensuring the optimality and quality of decisions made in emergency situations.

The theoretical significance of the study lies in the development of a new, more efficient management system, based on improved information support. It includes the development of models, methods and algorithms of optimizing the decision-making system, increases efficiency and quality of decisions made in responding to and liquidating emergencies in the Republic of Moldova.

The practical significance of the study is determined by the developed models, methods and algorithms used in the software package for dispatchers of the command post of the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Moldova. This allows to optimize the decision-making process, increase the efficiency and quality of decisions made with the subsequent transfer of more accurate, pointto- point tasks to the response forces. Optimization of the processes for making adequate decisions allows reducing the decision-making time to 50 seconds, and the total response time of rescue units does not exceed 20 minutes at a distance of no more than 20 kilometers. Due to the proposed approach of revising the response zones on 90% of the territory of the Republic of Moldova, it was possible to reduce the response time and increase the decision-making efficiency.

Implementation of scientific results: The proposed models and methods have been introduced and are used in the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Moldova. Also, the developed algorithms were integrated and tested into the informational system 112 of the Republic of Moldova, into the force and equipment control module, in which the dispatchers of the emergency response units of the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Moldova work.