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The ethnic identity of students in conditions of labour migration from ATE Gagauzia

Author: Horozova Larisa
Degree:doctor of psychology
Speciality: 19.00.07 - Pedagogical Psychology, Psychology of Development, Psychology of Personality
Scientific adviser: Irina Caunenco
doctor, associate professor (docent), Medical Research Centre and Socio-Demografic of Family of the ASM
Institution: Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"


The thesis was presented on the 14 November, 2018
Approved by NCAA on the 25 January, 2019


Adobe PDF document1.16 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.83 Mb / in russian


CZU 159.923: 37.015.3(478-29)(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 4.94 Mb / in russian
225 pages


ethnic identity, ethnic stereotypes, ethnic affiliation, labour migration, labour migration attitude, ethno cultural competence, ethnic tolerance, university students


The thesis structure: The paper consists of introduction, 3 chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 243 titles, 7 annexes. It includes 144 pages of basic text, 44 tables, 14 diagrams. The research results are published în 20 scientific papers.

The field of study: psychosocial development of the university.

The aim of the thesis: to study alterations of the university students’ ethnic identity, determined by their attitude to the labour migration in the context of inclusion of the regional population in labour migration. To test and offer for the common use a program for development of ethno cultural competence and ethnic tolerance at the university students.

Research objectives: To review the existing literature on the ethnic identity and labour migration in order to identify the mechanisms, factors and stages in the process of ethnic identity formation and it’s alteration; to define the particularities of the ethnic identity in Gagauz and Bulgarian students; to identify the representations of Gagauz and Bulgarian students about the labour migration and to establish the group types on the basis of their attitude to the labour migration; to examine the particularities of the ethnic identity in established groups of Gagauz and Bulgarian students with different attitude to the labour migration; to develop, test and estimate the effectiveness of the program for development of ethno cultural competence and ethnic tolerance at Gagauz and Bulgarian university students.

Scientific novelty and originality of research: It is the first scientific theoretical-empirical research in the Republic of Moldova that studies ethnic identity of students in the context of the population involvement in the process of labour migration. The influence of a variety of attitudes to labour migration on the ethnic identity of students was identified. The possibility of development of ethno cultural competence and ethnic tolerance at university students through a specially developed program of training sessions was proved.

The relevant important scientific problem solved in the research. The facts, established through a theoretical-empirical way, allowed to state that Gagauz and Bulgarian students have different strategies of ethnic self-definition independence on their attitude toward labour migration; the research revealed problematic ethnic identity of young people, who did not meet decision about taking part in labour migration. Systemic work with the given group of young people, aimed at development of ethno cultural competence and ethnic tolerance, contributes to ethno cultural sensitivity formation as a base for a positive ethnic identity.

The theoretical value of the work is attributed to its contribution in understanding the genesis of the ethnic identity. The research results contribute to clarification and systematization of the existing knowledge concerning the intermediated influence of social factors on the ethnic identity alteration in students, the particularities of their socialization under conditions of labour migration and different cultural contexts.

The practical value of the workis ensured by the practical application in the educational institutions working with the youth of knowledge about the particularities of students’ ethnical identity. It extends possibilities to create training programs of ethno cultural competency and ethnic tolerance development at young people and students, who take part in labour migration. The research results can be used by migration services in the process of forecasting the young people’s adaptation on the inner labour market, as well as by Mass media, helping them to construct information policy of presenting events of youth employment and interethnic interaction.

The scientific results implementation: the main results of the study were implemented in the pedagogical and methodical practice at the National department and the Pedagogical chair of Comrat State University. The research conclusions are included among the topics of courses developed by the author and used in courses provided for teachers and psychologists at the department of continuous training.