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 română | русский | english

Optimizarea structurii şi conţinutului pregătirii fizice şi psihomotrice specifice a studenţilor marinari în cadrul practicilor nautice marinăreşti

Author: Naie Oprişan
Degree:doctor of pedagogics
Speciality: 13.00.04 - Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Sport Training and Physical Culture of Recuperation
Scientific adviser: Boris Râşneac
doctor, professor, The State University of Physical Education and Sports
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 25 November, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 26 January, 2006


Adobe PDF document0.40 Mb / in romanian


In the end of the present study we established that the issue of specific physical and psychomotor training inside of naval education is not enough approached by the literature. The authors approaching naval specific issues are reporting mostly about the need of psychological and pedagogical education in this area, agreeing in the same time with the role, the place and the effect of the sportive educational has in order to adjust integrative functions and psychomotor capabilities included in the specific activities on board of the ship.

Analyzing the educational plans and other planning documents in this area we noticed, first of all, the insufficient time for physical training of students, in general, the Merchant Navy students having been planned to have the same number of physical training hours as the students in philosophy, literature or...theology, in disagreement with the real need in the process of navy people molding. In the same time we have to emphasize the fact that until the start of the present research, the educational plan was directed to general physical training, the specific psychomotor training being under necessary level of training the Navy activity really needs. This dysfunction can be settled during the Navy practical activities.

Analyzing the results of sociological investigation questionnaire we noticed that the specialists are however aware about the need that more time should be allotted for the physical training in the Navy educational system and it is obviously necessary for the specific orientation of the sailor’s physical training. Actually we noticed the same thing analyzing the laws and regulations of general naval activity, but these rules were not fully and transparently put into practice because a methodic and scientific manner was lacking in order to replace the traditional educational system. The new manner could make it possible to be put into practice according to the regulations and law.

Experimentally we replaced the traditional system of preparation on the ships and elaborated for the first time in the Navy the algorithmic specific system with precise tasks for every component and branch of our training activities. We introduced new algorithms in the specific professional training of the sailors we just noticed the old way, but also in the life and professional activity on the board of the ships in order to find out the real needs imposed by the naval activity and came to an end concluding on the real ,,model of a sailor”.

We could finalize our research only being embarked onboard of a ship during our experiment having a single purpose, to be in direct contact with the real onboard life.

The results we obtained in both part of our research demonstrated that our scientific action was fully true and justified, as much as the scientific methodology, well applied, and on the other hand that only by the specific application one can reach all valuable targets of the sailor in every plan. Our intermediate and final results also demonstrated significant differences between the pattern group and the experimental group, starting from statistic limit such as p = 0,05 and p = 0,01 at a degree of freedom of n-1, as much as the noticed significant statistic correlations between the results of the physical exams and groups of tests (p > 0,52).